Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .

Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.


Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:

- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........

..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !
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©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of
Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !

Thursday, March 15, 2012

INDESIT TYPE TC26SI YEAR 1978.






The INDESIT TYPE TC26SI is a 27 inches color television with 16 programs and remote.

These were higly reliable and durable until CRT went off.

The model here shown has a Delta CRT TUBE TYPE. It has a  picture tube apparatus employing the so-called delta gun  shadow mask  The present invention relates to a color television picture tube  type color cathode-ray tube which is provided with three electron guns positioned respectively at the vertices of an equilateral triangle, " the so-called delta gun  shadow mask ".

To obtain a fine color picture on the screen of the cathode-ray tube of this type, the following requirements should be satisfied that the electron beam is emitted from each electron gun onto the center of each corresponding phosphor dot on the screen of the cathode-ray tube, the purity of colors is high and the electron beams are converged onto a group of phosphor dots.
These requirements can be comparatively easily satisfied in the case of the cathode-ray tube with a spherically formed screen, whereas it is difficult to satisfy the requirements in the case of a narrow-necked, wide-angle deflection cathode-ray tube. The wide angle deflection cathode-ray tube is advantageous in practical use because the distance between the electron guns and the screen is small and the screen is almost flat with a curvature approximate to that of a flat surface; however, it is necessary to control the electron beams so that the electron beams may be emitted exactly onto the 3-color phosphor dots on the screen because the incident angle and distance of the electron beams which reach the phosphor dots on the screen have the values proper to respective phosphor dots.


and is the last INDESIT TV with DELTA GUN CRT TUBE TYPE and was first THYRISTOR technology based chassis by INDESIT  (CHASSIS B)  replacing an earlyer INDESIT CHASSIS with tubes (CHASSIS A).

As said before The  Horizontal Beam Deflection  and high voltage generating circuits are realized with Thyristors circuits.

- Horizontal Beam Deflection  and high voltage generating circuits realized with Thyristors circuits.
The massive demand for colour television receivers in Europe/Germany in the 70's  brought about an influx of sets from the continent. Many of these use the thin -neck (29mm) type of 110° shadowmask tube and the Philips 20AX CRT Tube, plus the already Delta Gun CRT . 
Scanning of these tubes is accomplished by means of a toroidally wound deflection yoke (conventional 90° and thick -neck 110° tubes operate with saddle -wound deflection coils). The inductance of a toroidal yoke is very much less than that of a saddle -wound yoke, thus higher scan currents are required. The deflection current necessary for the line scan is about 12A peak -to -peak. This could be provided by a transistor line output stage but a current step-up transformer, which is bulky and both difficult and costly to manufacture, would be required. 
An entirely different approach, pioneered by RCA in America and developed by them and by ITT (SEL) in Germany, is the thyristor line output stage. In this system the scanning current is provided via two thyristors and two switching diodes which due to their characteristics can supply the deflection yoke without a step-up transformer (a small transformer is still required to obtain the input voltage pulse for the e.h.t. tripler). The purpose of this article is to explain the basic operation of such circuits. The thyristor line output circuit offers high reliability since all switching occurs at zero current level. C.R.T. flashovers, which can produce high current surges (up to 60A), have no detrimental effects on the switching diodes or thyristors since the forward voltage drop across these devices is small and the duration of the current pulses short. If a surge limiting resistor is pro- vided in the tube's final anode circuit the peak voltages produced by flashovers seldom exceed the normal repetitive circuit voltages by more than 50-100V. This is well within the device ratings.  It's a very good system to use where the line scan coils require large peak currents with only a moderate flyback voltage  an intrinsic characteristic of toroidally wound deflection coils. The basic thyristor line output stage arrangement used in all these chassis is shown in Fig. 1
it was originally devised by RCA. Many sets fitted with 110°, narrow -neck delta -gun tubes used a thyristor line output stage - for example those in the Grundig and Saba ranges and the Finlux Peacock , Indesit, Siemens, Salora, Metz, Nordmende, Blaupunkt, ITT, Seleco, REX, Mivar, Emerson, Brionvega, Loewe, Galaxi, Stern, Zanussi, Wega, Philco. The circuit continued to find favour in earlier chassis designed for use with in -line gun tubes, examples being found in the Grundig and Korting ranges - also,  Indesit, Siemens, Salora, Metz, Nordmende, Blaupunkt, ITT, Seleco, REX, Mivar, Emerson, Brionvega, Loewe, Galaxi, Stern, Zanussi, Wega, Philco the Rediffusion Mk. III chassis. Deflection currents of up to 13A peak -to -peak are commonly encountered with 110° tubes, with a flyback voltage of only some 600V peak  to peak. The total energy requirement is of the order of 6mJ, which is 50 per cent higher than modern 110° tubes of the 30AX and S4 variety with their saddle -wound line scan coils.   The only problem with this type of circuit is the large amount of energy that shuttles back and forth at line frequency. This places a heavy stress on certain components. Circuit losses produce quite high temperatures, which are concentrated at certain points, in particular the commutating combi coil. This leads to deterioration of the soldered joints around the coil, a common cause of failure. This can have a cumulative effect, a high resistance joint increasing the local heating until the joint becomes well and truly dry -a classic symptom with some Grundig / Emerson sets. The wound components themselves can be a source of trouble, due to losses - particularly the combi coil and the regulating transductor. Later chassis are less prone to this sort of thing, partly because of the use of later generation, higher efficiency yokes but mainly due to more generous and better design of the wound components. The ideal dielectric for use in the tuning capacitors is polypropylene (either metalised or film). It's a truly won- derful dielectric - very stable, with very small losses, and capable of operation at high frequencies and elevated temperatures. It's also nowadays reasonably inexpensive. Unfortunately many earlier chassis of this type used polyester capacitors, and it's no surprise that they were inclined to give up. When replacing the tuning capacitors in a thyristor line output stage it's essential to use polypropylene types -a good range of axial components with values ranging from 0.001µF to 047µF is available from RS Components, enabling even non-standard values to be made up from an appropriate combination. Using polypropylene capacitors in place of polyester ones will not only ensure capacitor reliability but will also lower the stress on other components by reducing the circuit losses (and hence power consumption).
       Numerous circuit designs for completely transistorized television receivers either have been incorporated in commercially available receivers or have been described in detail in various technical publications. One of the most troublesome areas in such transistor receivers, from the point of View of reliability and economy, lies in the horizontal deflection circuits.
       As an attempt to avoid the voltage and current limitations of transistor deflection circuits, a number of circuits have been proposed utilizing the silicon controlled rectifier (SCR), a semiconductor device capable of handling substantially higher currents and voltages than transistors.
       The circuit utilizes two bi-directionally conductive switching means which serve respectively as trace and commutating switches. Particularly, each of the switching means comprises the parallel combination of a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) and a diode. The commutating switch is triggered on shortly before the desired beginning of retrace and, in conjunction with a resonant commutating circuit having an inductor and two capacitors, serves to turn off the trace switch to initiate retrace. The commutating circuit is also arranged to turn oft the commutating SCR before the end of retrace. 


Other models were equipped with ITT and PHILIPS Tubes but with same chassis design combined with various frontends like sensor program changers or tuning keyboards.

Majority of them were keyboard manual tuning system and/or sesnsoric button - potentiometric tuning system.

WAS even first INDESIT featuring Electronic Memory tuning system combined with ultrasonic remote control system in wich a  circuit device for a television receiver having a tuner device with a tuner memory operable to control the tuning of the receiver to stations selected by a user, in which there are further provided means for automatically adjusting the controls of the receiver whenever the station to which the receiver is tuned is changed, this means comprising one or a plurality of random access memories addressed by signals from the tuner memory which are characteristic of each individual station, the output signal from the RAM, (or the enabled RAM if there are a plurality of them) representing the contents thereof at the location addressed, is fed to a digital-to-analogue converter which produces an output voltage signal for adjusting the associated receiver control; changes to the content of the RAM can be made by means of an associated counter controlled to count up or down by a push button panel. 

The  invention relates to a circuit device for effecting and memorising adjustments to the setting of the controls of a television signal receiver, especially of a colour television receiver; such controls as the volume, brightness, contrast, colour saturation etc. must often be adjusted when changing stations in order to obtain optimum setting of the controls for each station to which the receiver can be tuned in order to account for differences in the signals from each station. Conventionally, television controls are mechanical control systems using potentiometers inserted into the path of the electric signal to be controlled (direct control) or else supplying a D.C. voltage by means of which electronic voltage control is effected (indirect control).
Such mechanical systems have considerable disadvantages, not only from the point of view of durability, since the potentiometers, being mechanical, are subject to wear, but also from that of performance due to non-linearity and discontinuity in the response. Moreover, such mechanical systems are not easily adaptable to the use of remote controls.
For this reason wholly electronic control systems, which operate indirectly, have been recently introduced. These usually comprise a series of counters which are able to count both up and down, each followed by a suitable digital-to-analogue converter. By energising a counter, selected by operation of one of a number of pairs of push buttons, it is possible to increase or reduce the content of this counter and thereby to cause the corresponding control voltage to vary: such variation is discontinuous, but has sufficient resolution for most purposes.
This latter system eliminates many of the disadvantages of the conventional mechanical controls but it is still not wholly satisfactory because, since each station to which a receiver can be tuned usually has modulation characteristics which are different from those of the others, with every change of station it is necessary to readjust, systematically, the controls of the receiver, that is the volume, brightness, contrast (and colour controls in the case of colour transmission).
In fact at present it is possible in many places to receive a large number of transmitter stations (in some cases more than twenty), and hence television receivers have to allow changeover from one station to another with the greatest simplicity. The technical problem which this invention seeks to solve is the provision of a circuit device which is able to effect adjustment of the controls of a receiver upon changes in the tuning thereof to receive signals from different transmitters, which does not suffer from the disadvantages of known systems.

.
 
 Earlyer models were only keyboard featured therefore this here was a bit of a luxus.

The remote was fittable in a front compartment after use.


THIS HERE IN COLLECTION IS AN ORIGINAL INDESIT ORBASSANO MADE.
 

INDESIT was originary from Orbassano Near TORINO In Italy and indeed the tellye here shown comes from there.

 Here you can see an INDESIT 2 doors Refrigerator from the same era of time like the TV above shown.

It was a very big industry conglomerate present in all European lands even In Norvay.

IT was fabricating domestic appliances like Washing machines (INDESIT K5) and dish washers and even fridges (almost lasting forever).

In the 70's they started producing tellyes and radios for cheap market but good products.


INDESIT have had a very heavy controversed history which is made of high loss of work places for people, financial disasters, loss of market, closing of production location and finally a complete destruction of one of the bigger Italian industry on European level.

It was then brand name aquired by Merloni Elettrodomestici known as Ariston the reconverted to Indesit company......................

INDESIT INDUSTRY  was founded in 1953 in Turin with the denomination of Spirea, by three members: Armando Campioni, Adelchi Candellero and Filippo Gatta.
The society moved some years later to Rivalta of Turin, and another three times it changed denomination up to 1961 (one name was INDES then INDEL then finally INDESIT), when it assumed the definitive social reason and the mark Indesit was born.

Indesit was producing "white" household electrical appliances like washing machines, refrigerators, freezers, dishwasher and kitchens,  television sets and shops fiscal recorders.

The company knew a swift productive and commercial development in the period of the economic boom, becoming the third one of the sector at national level .

 It conquered wide shares are in the national market which foreign countries of the household electrical appliances.

In the sixties and seventy, Indesit was counting quite eight productive installations, of which five to the North ( between Rivalta,  and Orbassano) and two in the South (Teverola and Carinaro (Council of Europe)), where they were used about 12.000 workers.

In the same period to the Indesit there was tried a system of televisional broadcasting to colours named ISA, whom the Torinese company proposed in 1972 to the RAI, but whom it was not accepted by the Italian Government, because not conformable to other European systems!!! .

There was acquired also the mark Hirundo, with which a line was proposed in the white sector (refrigerators, washing machines and other household electrical appliances), as well as apparatus in the brown sector, like radio to transistor branded Indesit-Hirundo. Such a mark today is not long time more used.

Indesit participated for 6 % in the Sèleco of Pordenone, to the epoch in which the control was held by Giovanni Mario Rossignolo, giving installations in disuse for the television sets manufacture. Zanussi and Rel were the greatest shareholders in Sèleco to that epoch.

In 1980, the Indesit went to crisis and was put into checked administration, of which it went out in 1984, when it was recapitalized for 74 milliard lire and there new members  entered. Still for the Torinese company the crisis continued and the recovery was not going; following this in 1985 it gave his electronic division to the Olivetti .

Much was the negotiations to find an industrial and financial partner, but the situation was so heavy to lead, in the same year, the company to the extraordinary administration, on the grounds of the law Prodi, and the Court of Turin appointed commissary the doctor Giacomo Zunino . For a long time now the work places had drastically decreased, and were reduced to a little more than 7.000 workers, the greatest part of which in case integration then unoccupied.

Even though it was commissioned, the company improved gradually the accounts, and in 1987 it was purchased to the auction at Merloni Elettrodomestici's already known for the mark Ariston and until then principal competitor in Italy of the Indesit itself. In the operation the of the Marche group invested quite 50 milliard lire in the acquisition of the society, and another 100 milliards it were provided for the reorganisation and the curing .
Indesit became the first mark of the company, and the factories were maintained only of None, Carinaro and Teverola.


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