Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .

Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.

Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:

- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........

..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !

©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of
Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !

Thursday, November 15, 2012


A Kent firm has found a way of tackling the growing mountain of unrecyclable leaded glass from old-style TVs.

The boom in flat screen televisions has led to a huge stock pile of old style sets. Recycling the glass screens has been complicated, up until now that is. The world's first ever commercial furnace separating lead from glass has just started operating.
It means thousands of old television and computer screens can now be reprocessed.

 As the world switches over from bulky old fashioned televisions to the new generations of flat screen models we're being left with a major problem, lead. In just the first quarter of this year, 35-thousand tonnes of televisions and computers were sent for recycling in the UK. Each cathode ray tube can hold up to one kilo of poisonous lead, but now a Kent recycling plant claims to be the first in the world to solve the technical issue of separating the heavy metal from the glass.The furnace in Sittingbourne can now recycle four thousand televisions a day. 

It may only be 15 years since the world was wowed by the introduction of the first plasma screen television - a 42 inch Fujitsu model available in Sears for a mere $14,999 - but consumer electronics have since moved on apace, and manufacture of the Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) which once dominated the TV market has all but ended. For the waste and recycling industry, which has traditionally sold the glass from end-of-life television sets back to the CRT manufacturers, the rise of the flat screen has created something of a conundrum - what to do with the leaded glass?
Huge numbers of obsolete television sets and computer monitors have been entering the waste stream, a figure which has been estimated to peak in Europe in 2013. Across the world, electronics recycling programmes are collecting growing quantities of CRTs, while at the same time the end uses for recycled CRT glass, which generally constitutes between 15 kg and 30 kg per set, are disappearing.

According to the Partnership for Action on Computing Equipment (PACE) - a multi-stakeholder partnership that provides a forum for governments, industry and NGOs to tackle end-of-life computing equipment - although CRTs are still being manufactured, and clean leaded glass can be used in this manufacture, the market will continue to decline.
Additionally, there is often insufficient value in CRT glass to economically support its shipment to facilities which are mostly located in Asia, where it can be used to make new CRT glass or other leaded-glass applications. As a result it is often discarded or dumped in places where lead may leach into soil and groundwater.
"Our industry is at an interesting crossroads when it comes to CRT glass," explains Robert Erie, CEO of E-World Online, which runs a nationwide network of collectors and recyclers in the U.S. to help consumer electronics manufacturers comply with the extended producer responsibility guidelines being enacted in many states. "In my 12 years in the electronics recycling field, this is the first time that I've seen an e-waste material stream become obsolete and markets dry up so quickly."
In recognition of the problem, the most recent update to the Sanctioned Interpretations of the e-Stewards Standard - a third party certification programme for electronics recyclers run by the Basal Action Network (BAN) - makes allowances for its members to store CRT glass beyond 12 months, until acceptable destinations are available - providing certain criteria are met.

The challenge:

According to the U.S. Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) many U.S. recyclers have growing stockpiles of CRT glass, and to date no truly feasible market for it has emerged. In the U.S. alone several hundred million kilos of CRT glass will be collected for recycling in 2012. In California this issue has resulted in a proposal to allow landfilling of the units. In a bid to find solutions to the problem, late last year the CEA laid down an Eco-Challenge to develop compelling economic and environmentally preferable solutions for recycling CRTs. This was in partnership with the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), a non-profit environmental organisation and InnoCentive, a specialist in 'crowdsourcing' and open innovation.
One of the entrants for the challenge, and one of the eventual winners, was Manchester, UK based Nulife Glass, which has developed a solution to separate the lead from leaded CRT glass using a highly efficient electric furnace and a combination of chemicals to produce both clean glass and lead. According to the company, the process has no emissions, creates no waste and avoids the export of hazardous material around the globe.
Speaking to Waste Management World, Simon Greer, director of Nulife Glass and inventor of the process explains that the "Eureka" moment came in 2001, when, using a combination of heat and chemistry, he managed to squeeze a tiny amount of lead out of glass using a furnace and realised what the chemical formula was to do it. He then set about refining the process through trial and error with the construction of a number of small furnaces.
"I predicted for the past five or six years that the day will come when there will be no recycling of glass back into TVs. It was not a fantastic revelation. It was blatantly obvious that that would be the case. The price of panel TVs would fall and on that basis the CRT would end. So we've carried on doing what we're doing with the confidence of knowing that day would come. And it has come crashing all at the same time. There are increasing numbers of TVs coming into the waste stream, and diminishing outlets," explains Greer.

 The process:

The first stage in Nulife's process is to separate the panel glass from the leaded glass, which is crushed and treated with chemicals to assist the lead extraction. The process utilises a specially designed electrolytic converter where the CRT glass and process chemicals are melted under strictly controlled conditions to free metallic lead from the glass, which is tapped off to form lead ingots. The process is continuous and has the capacity to handle 10 tonnes per day - equivalent to around 60 tonnes of end-of-life CRT televisions.
To increase energy efficiency, the process utilises super-efficient insulation so that while the temperature inside the main melting unit is in excess of 1000°C, the outside never exceeds 60°C. In addition to being energy efficient, the converter has negligible emissions, meaning that there is no requirement for expensive extraction and filtration systems.

According to Greer the process uses around $0.50 worth of electricity for each TV treated and recovers around $2 worth of lead, as well as clean glass. The glass, which has End of Waste approval from the Environment Agency in the UK, is of relatively low value and is being used by construction materials company, Tarmac, which is adding a small percentage to concrete blocks. The lead is sold to lead dealers at a price based on London Metal Exchange (LME) prices.
The company built its first furnace at its own premises, and is currently in the process of building another for electronics recycler, SWEEEP Kuusakoski at its site in Kent, UK. The recycling company is collaborating with Nulife Glass and its partner company, Kuusakoski Oy of Finland in refining the system's features and tailoring the furnace to its exact needs. SWEEEP has also developed new crushing and separation equipment to be ready in time for the new furnace.

 SWEEEP Kuusakoski, a Kent, U.K.-based waste electrical and electronics recycling company, has invested £2 million to develop what it says is the world’s first commercial scale glass furnace, allowing the company to recover lead and pure glass from the leaded cathode ray tube (CRT) glass in old televisions and computer screens.
Sweeep Kuusakoski is recycling glass from more than 4,000 cathode ray TVs each day, and recovering up to 1kg (2.2lb) of lead from each set.

The leaded glass tubes were previously re-used in the production of new TV sets by firms in Malaysia.

But, after global demand for cathode ray TVs dried up, the firms re-using them closed leaving the glass unusable.

Sweeep Kuusakoski, in Sittingbourne, worked with a British inventor, Simon Greer, to build what it claims is the first furnace capable of extracting lead from the glass tubes to produce pure lead ingots and inert glass.

The official grand opening of the furnace was Nov. 30, 2012. Taking part in the opening ceremony were Right Honorable Michael Fallon, MP and Minister of State for Business & Enterprise. He was joined by Pekka Huhtaniemi, the Finnish Ambassador to Great Britain; and Gordon Henderson, MP for Sittingbourne & Sheppey. Other attendees at the ceremony included representatives from the recycling industry and local authorities, as well as the SWEEEP Kuusakoski’s senior management.

Speaking at the opening, Fallon, said, “SWEEEP Kuusakoski’s new furnace will help tackle the growing global recycling problem of how to recycle old televisions and computer screens.
The glass is heated to 1000C to allow the lead to be separated.

'Only solution'

A Sweeep spokeswoman said: "It is the only solution available as we stand today. In five years no one else has come up with anything else.

"All over Europe, and the US glass stocks are piling up."

The furnace heats up the glass to over 1,000C.

Mr Greer said: "At that temperature we can chemically separate the lead from the glass and get the lead to fall from the bottom of the furnace and let the glass to continue on its journey.

"The glass is now good for turning into aggregates for road use. You wouldn't want to make drinking glasses out of it, but it's not hazardous any more."
'Valuable commodity'

Much of the recycled lead is used for car batteries.

Justin Greenaway, of Sweeep Kuusakoski, said: "Out of every waste TV we get 1 kg of lead. It's a valuable rare-earth commodity which would otherwise have had to have been dug up."

About 2 tonnes of lead are extracted each day by the Sittingbourne plant, fetching £1,300 per tonne.

The company employs about 200 people, including 18 from Thamesteel on Sheppey which went into administration in January with the loss of 350 jobs.

The company says it has gained end-of-waste status from the Environment Agency on the cleaned x-ray sorted panel glass. It also has successfully established sustainable markets for the recovered lead, the front of screen glass, and the leaded glass from the rear of the screens that is generated in the recycling process.

The company has now begun negotiations to build a furnace in the United States.

International demand:

On the subject of demand Greer is upbeat: "Everyday from somewhere around the world we get contacted by people asking us about our technology," he says. "We've had visitors from Japan, Korea, Taiwan, many from the U.S., from absolutely everywhere. I would think there are probably 10 organisations that are in the process of enquiring about permits to operate their own furnaces."
But the company's also thinking beyond simply marketing its invention, and is planning on using its technology at its own CRT glass recycling facilities, as well as extending its existing site in Manchester. Furthermore, according to Greer the wheels are in motion on the development of sites in New York State, as well as two other target areas in the U.S. Both the expansion of the UK site and the development of the proposed New York facility are well underway, with the company currently in dialogue with power companies and with the permitting authorities for the State. For other locations, such as Japan, the company is still in negotiations with prospective partners.

According to Greer demand from the U.S. is strong, with the company receiving daily phone calls from potential customers looking to offload CRT glass, and even making enquiries into the cost of shipping the glass to Nulife's Manchester facility. The company plans to maximise this potential customer base by offering a "menu" of services at it facilities, accepting whole screens, mixed glass or just the leaded glass. 


While flat screen technology has clearly superseded CRTs in just about every application, from the smallest ATM screens to the biggest of TVs, for many years to come there will be huge quantities of redundant displays entering the waste stream. In the U.S. alone hundreds of millions of kilos of CRTs will be collected in 2012. Globally it is estimated that at least 1.9 billon screens are still in use. The correct disposal of these will provide an ongoing problem and the recycling industry is scrambling for environmentally acceptable solutions.
For centuries the objectives of Alchemy have varied, from discovering the elixir of life to turning lead into gold or silver. With the traditional closed loop, CRT glass to CRT glass recycling options having all but disappeared, and a growing need to preserve precious resources, the development of a technology to recover both lead and glass from an abundant and potentially hazardous waste stream could be just the kind of 'alchemy' the 21st century needs.





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