Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .

Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.


Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:

- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........

..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !
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©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of
Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !

Wednesday, November 3, 2010

LOEWE MCS 11 (Artikel-Nr: 60481) Chassis 110 C7 Detailed viewing.







Chassis 110 C7 Detailed viewing.

- Video signal processing Luminace + Chrominance
(TDA3510 - PHILIPS) (TDA3501 - PHILIPS)

- Twin tuners Units and IF Unit

- Right side SGS TDA1170 (Frame Osc.)

- Line Deflection output + Transformer + EHT / Frame Deflection Output + E/W

- SMPS Power SUPPLY With BU208 (Telefunken)

- Audio / Sound Amplifier Unit

- St-BY Supply Unit.


TDA3501 VIDEO CONTROL COMBINATION

The TDA3501 is a monolithic integrated circuit performing the control functions in a PAL/SECAM
decoder which additionally comprises the integrated circuits TDA3510 (PAL decoder) and/or
TDA3520 (SECAM decoder).
The required input signals are: luminance and colour difference -(R-Y) and -(B-Y). while linear RGB
signals can be inserted from an external source.
RGB signals are provided at the output to drive the video output stages.
The TDA3501 has the following features:
I capacitive coupling of the input signals
0 linear saturation control
0 (G-Y) and RGB matrix
0 insertion possibility of linear RGB signals, e.g. video text, video games, picture-in-picture, camera or
slidescanner
0 equal black level for inserted and matrixed signals by clamping
0 3 identical channels for the RGB signals
0 linear contrast and brightness control, operating on both the inserted and matrixed RGB signals
I horizontal and vertical blanking (black and ultra-black respectively) and black-level clamping
obtained via a 3-level sandcastle pulse
O differential amplifiers with feedback-inputs for stabilization of the RGB output stages
0 2 d.c. gain controls for the green and blue output signals (white point adjustment)
O beam current limiting possibility
QUICK REFERENCE DATA
Supply voltage V524 typ. 12 V
Supply current I5 typ. 100 mA
Luminance input signal (peak-to-peak value) V15_24(p_p) typ. 0,45 V
Luminance input resistance R15_24 typ. 12 kS`L
Colour difference input signals (peak-to-peak values)
-(B-Y) V1g_24(p_p) typ. 1,33 V
-(R-Y) V17_24(p_p) typ. 1,05 V
Inserted RGB signals (peak-to-peak values) V12,13,-|4_24(p_p) typ. 1 V
Threelevel sandcastle pulse detector V10_24 typ. 2,5/4,5/8,0 V
Control voltage ranges
brightness V20_24 1 to 3 V
contrast V19_24 2 to 4 V
saturation V15_24 2,1 to 4 V.


TDA1170 vertical deflection FRAME DEFLECTION INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

GENERAL DESCRIPTION f The TDA1170 and TDA1270 are monolithic integrated
circuits designed for use in TV vertical deflection systems. They are manufactured using
the Fairchild Planar* process.
Both devices are supplied in the 12-pin plastic power package with the heat sink fins bent
for insertion into the printed circuit board.
The TDA1170 is designed primarily for large and small screen black and white TV
receivers and industrial TV monitors. The TDA1270 is designed primarily for driving
complementary vertical deflection output stages in color TV receivers and industrial
monitors.
APPLICATION INFORMATION (TDA1170)
The vertical oscillator is directly synchronized by the sync pulses (positive or negative); therefore its free
running frequency must be lower than the sync frequency. The use of current feedback causes the yoke
current to be independent of yoke resistance variations due to thermal effects, Therefore no thermistor is
required in series with the yoke. The flyback generator applies a voltage, about twice the supply voltage, to
the yoke. This produces a short flyback time together with a high useful power to dissipated power
ratio.

BU208(A)

Silicon NPN
npn transistors,pnp transistors,transistors
Category: NPN Transistor, Transistor
MHz: <1 MHz
Amps: 5A
Volts: 1500V
HIGH VOLTAGE CAPABILITY
JEDEC TO-3 METAL CASE.

DESCRIPTION
The BU208A, BU508A and BU508AFI are
manufactured using Multiepitaxial Mesa
technology for cost-effective high performance
and use a Hollow Emitter structure to enhance
switching speeds.

APPLICATIONS:
* HORIZONTAL DEFLECTION FOR COLOUR TV With 110° or even 90° degree of deflection angle.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
VCES Collector-Emit ter Voltage (VBE = 0) 1500 V
VCEO Collector-Emit ter Voltage (IB = 0) 700 V
VEBO Emitter-Base Voltage (IC = 0) 10 V
IC Collector Current 8 A
ICM Collector Peak Current (tp < 5 ms) 15 A
TO - 3 TO - 218 ISOWATT218
Ptot Total Dissipation at Tc = 25 oC 150 125 50 W
Tstg Storage Temperature -65 to 175 -65 to 150 -65 to 150 oC
Tj Max. Operating Junction Temperature 175 150 150 °C



LOEWE CHASSIS 110 C7 Switching Power supply voltage stabilizer:

A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising a transformer, of which the primary winding is connected to a switching means for controlling power supply to the primary winding. An oscillator circuit is associated with the switching means in order to control on/off operation of the switching means. An abnormal overvoltage and/or overcurrent detection circuit is provided for terminating the oscillation operation of the oscillator circuit when impending overvoltage and/or overcurrent is detected.

1. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said oscillator circuit including an astable multivibrator, and variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

2. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said transformer further including an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to that developed through said secondary winding, said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding being applied to said oscillator circuit for driving said oscillator circuit;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overvoltage detection circuit connected to said auxiliary winding for developing said control signal when an overvoltage is developed through said auxilliary winding;

said oscillator circuit comprising an astable multivibrator, and variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

3. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said transformer further including an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to that developed through said secondary winding, said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding being applied to said oscillator circuit for driving said oscillator circuit;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overvoltage detection circuit connected to said auxiliary winding for developing said control signal when an overvoltage is developed through said auxiliary winding;

said overvoltage detection circuit including a latching means for continuously developing said control signal.

4. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means;

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said transformer further including an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to that developed through said secondary winding, said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding being applied to said oscillator circuit for driving said oscillator circuit;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overvoltage detection circuit connected to said auxiliary winding for developing said control signal when an overvoltage is developed through said auxiliary winding;

said overvoltage detection circuit further includes,

a reference voltage generation means for developing a reference voltage proportional to a voltage applied from said power source; and

comparing means for comparing said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding with said reference voltage in order to develop said control signal when said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding exceeds said reference voltage.

5. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overcurrent detection circuit connected to said primary winding for developing said control signal when an overcurrent flows through said primary winding;

wherein said oscillator circuit includes an astable multivibrator, and variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

6. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overcurrent detection circuit connected to said primary winding for developing said control signal when an overcurrent flows through said primary winding;

said overcurrent detection circuit including a latching means for continuously developing said control signal;

said oscillator circuit including an astable multivibrator, and variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

7. The power supply voltage stabilizer of claim 1, 2, 5, or 6, wherein said variable impedance means comprise a photo transistor, and wherein a light emitting diode is connected to said secondary winding for emitting a light of which amount is proportional to a voltage developed through said secondary winding, said light emitted from said light emitting diode being applied to said photo transistor. 8. The power supply voltage stabilizer of claim 7, wherein said light emitting diode and said photo transistor are incorporated in a single photo coupler. 9. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means; and

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said transformer further including an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to that developed through said secondary winding, said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding being applied to said oscillator circuit for driving said oscillator circuit;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overvoltage detection circuit connected to said auxiliary winding for developing said control signal when an overvoltage is developed through said auxilliary winding;

said overvoltage detection circuit including a latching means for continuously developing said control signal;

said oscillator circuit including an astable multivibrator, and variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

10. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

a transformer including a primary winding connected to a power source and a secondary winding for output purposes;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling power supply to said primary winding;

an oscillator circuit for controlling on/off operation of said switching means;

abnormal condition detection means for developing a control signal for terminating oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit when an abnormal condition is detected;

said transformer further including an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to that developed through said secondary winding, said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding being applied to said oscillator circuit for driving said oscillator circuit;

said abnormal condition detection means including an overvoltage detection circuit connected to said auxiliary winding for developing said control signal when an overvoltage is developed through said auxiliary winding;

said overvoltage detection circuit including,

a reference voltage generation means for developing a reference voltage proportional to a voltage applied from said power source; and

comparing means for comparing said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding with said reference voltage in order to develop said control signal when said voltage developed through said auxiliary winding exceeds said reference voltage;

said oscillator circuit including an astable multivibrator, and a variable impedance means for varying an oscillation frequency of said astable multivibrator.

11. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

transformer means including a primary winding connected to a power source, a secondary winding for producing an output voltage, and an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to said output voltage produced by said secondary winding;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling the power supply from said power source to said primary winding;

oscillator circuit means for controlling the on/off operation of said switching means;

overvoltage detection circuit means connected to said auxiliary winding for developing a control signal to terminate the oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit means when an overvoltage condition is detected, said overvoltage detection circuit means including,

means for developing a reference potential, and


comparing means responsive to said voltage developed at said auxiliary winding and to said reference potential for comparing said reference potential with said voltage developed at said auxiliary winding and for generating said control signal to terminate the oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit means when said voltage developed at said auxiliary winding exceeds said reference potential.

12. A power supply voltage stabilizer comprising:

transformer means including a primary winding connected to a power source and having a voltage supplied thereto, a secondary winding for producing an output voltage, and an auxiliary winding for developing a voltage proportional to said output voltage produced by said secondary winding;

switching means connected to said primary winding for controlling the power supply from said power source to said primary winding;

oscillator circuit means for controlling the on/off operation of said switching means;

overcurrent detection circuit means connected to said primary winding for developing a control signal to terminate the oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit means when an overcurrent condition is detected, said overcurrent detection circuit means including,

means for monitoring said voltage supplied to said primary winding of said transformer means,

means for measuring the amount of current passing through said primary winding of said transformer means by translating said amount of current into a corresponding amount of voltage potential,

switching means responsive to said corresponding amount of voltage potential for switching to a first switched condition when the corresponding voltage potential exceeds a predetermined voltage potential and for switching to a second switched condition when said voltage potential does not exceed said predetermined voltage potential, and

comparing means responsive to said voltage supplied to said primary winding and connected to an output of said switching means for generating said control signal to terminate oscillation operation of said oscillator circuit means when said switching means switches to said first switched condition in response to the exceeding of said predetermined voltage potential by said corresponding voltage potential.

13. A power supply voltage stabilizer in accordance with claim 11 or 12 wherein said comparing means comprises a double base diode.
Description:

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a power supply voltage stabilizer and, more particularly, to a power supply voltage stabilizer employing a switching system for controlling power supply to a transformer included in the power supply voltage stabilizer.

In the conventional power supply voltage stabilizer employing a switching system for controlling power supply to a transformer included in the power supply voltage stabilizer, there is a possibility that an abnormal overvoltage will be developed from an output terminal thereof and/or an abnormal overcurrent may flow through the primary winding of the transformer.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a protection means for protecting the power supply voltage stabilizer from an abnormal overvoltage and/or overcurrent.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a detection means for detecting an impending overvoltage and/or overcurrent occurring within the power supply voltage stabilizer.

Other objects and further scope of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. It should be understood, however, that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

The power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention mainly comprises a transformer including a primary winding connected to a commercial power source through a rectifying circuit, a secondary winding for output purposes, and an auxiliary winding. A driver circuit including a switching means is connected to the primary winding for controlling the power supply to the primary winding. An oscillator circuit is associated with the switching means to control ON/OFF operation of the switching means, thereby controlling the power supply to the primary winding.

To achieve the above objects, pursuant to an embodiment of the present invention, an overvoltage detection circuit is connected to the auxiliary winding. The overvoltage detection circuit functions to compare a voltage created in the auxiliary winding with the rectified power supply voltage, and develop a control signal, when an impending overvoltage is detected, for terminating operation of the oscillator circuit, thereby precluding power supply to the primary winding.

In another embodiment of the present invention, an overcurrent detection circuit is provided for detecting an impending overcurrent flowing through the primary winding to develop a control signal for terminating operation of the oscillator circuit.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given hereinbelow and the accompanying drawings, which are given by way of illustration only, and thus are not limitative of the present invention and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of a basic construction of a power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an embodiment of a power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention, which includes an oscillator circuit and an over voltage detection circuit;

FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of an embodiment of the overvoltage detection circuit included in the power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram of an embodiment of the oscillator circuit included in the power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a waveform chart for explaining operation of the oscillator circuit of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of another embodiment of a power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention, which includes an oscillator circuit and an overcurrent detection circuit; and

FIG. 7 is a circuit diagram of an embodiment of the overcurrent detection circuit included in the power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Referring now in detail to the drawings, and to facilitate a more complete understanding of the present invention, a basic construction of a power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention will be first described with reference to FIG. 1.

The power supply voltage stabillizer mainly comprises a transformer T including a primary winding N 1 connected to a commercial power source V, a secondary winding N 2 connected to an output terminal V 0 , and an auxiliary winding N 3 . An oscillator circuit OSC is associated with the primary winding N 1 and the auxiliary winding N 3 to control the power supply from the commercial power source V to the primary winding N 1 .

A rectifying circuit E is connected to the commercial power source V for applying a rectified voltage to a capacitor C 1 . A negative terminal of the capacitor C 1 is grounded, and a positive terminal of the capacitor C 1 is connected to the collector electrode of a switching transistor Q 5 through the primary winding N 1 of the transformer T. The oscillator circuit OSC performs the oscillating operation when receiving a predetermined voltage, and develops a control signal toward the base electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 to control the switching operation of the switching transistor Q 5 . The switching transistor Q 5 functions to control the power supply to the primary winding N 1 , thereby controlling the power transfer to the secondary winding N 2 and the auxiliary winding N 3 .

The auxiliary winding N 3 is connected to a capacitor C 3 in a parallel fashion via a diode D 1 . A positive terminal of the capacitor C 3 is connected to the oscillator circuit OSC to supply a drive voltage Vc 3 . A negative terminal of the capacitor C 3 is connected to the emitter electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 and grounded. The positive terminal of the capacitor C 3 is connected to the primary winding N 1 via a diode D 2 and a capacitor C 2 in order to stabilize the initial condition of the oscillator circuit OSC.

The secondary winding N 2 functions to develop a predetermined voltage through the output terminal V 0 . A smoothing capacitor C 0 is connected to the secondary winding N 2 via a diode D 0 , and a series circuit of a resistor R 0 and a light emitting diode D i is connected to the smoothing capacitor C 0 in a parallel fashion. The light emitted from the light emitting diode D i is applied to a photo transistor Q 8 employed in the oscillator circuit OSC. The light emitting diode D i and the photo transistor Q 8 are preferably incorporated in a single package as a photo coupler.

The light amount emitted from the light emitting diode D i is proportional to the output voltage developed from the output terminal V 0 . The photo transistor Q 8 exhibits the impedance corresponding to the applied light amount. The oscillator circuit OSC is so constructed that the oscillation frequency is varied in response to variation of the impedance of the photo transistor Q 8 . Accordingly, the ON/OFF operation of the switching transistor Q 5 is controlled in response to the output voltage level, thereby stabilizing the output voltage level.

In the above constructed power supply voltage stabilizer, there is a possibility that an abnormal overvoltage is developed through the secondary winding N 2 and the auxiliary winding N 3 when the oscillator circuit OSC or the light emitting diode D i is placed in the fault condition.

FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of the power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention, which includes means for precluding occurrence of the above-mentioned overvoltage. Like elements corresponding to those of FIG. 1 are indicated by like numerals.

The power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 2 mainly comprises the transformer T, the oscillator circuit OSC, a driver circuit 1 including the switching transistor Q 5 , and an overvoltage detection circuit 3.

The positive terminal of the capacitor C 3 is connected to the driver circuit 1 and the oscillator circuit OSC to apply the driving voltage thereto. The positive terminal of the capacitor C 3 is also connected to the primary winding N 1 through the diode D 2 and a parallel circuit of the capacitor C 2 and a resistor R 2 in order to stabilize the initial start operation of the oscillator circuit OSC. The secondary winding N 2 is connected to an output level detector 2, which comprises the light emitting diode D i as shown in FIG. 1. The ON/OFF control of the switching transistor Q 5 is similar to that is achieved in the power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 1.

The secondary winding N 2 and the auxiliary winding N 3 are wound in the same polarity fashion and, therefore, the voltage generated through the auxiliary winding N 3 is proportional to that voltage generated through the secondary winding N 2 . The overvoltage detection circuit 3 is connected to receive the voltage at a point a as a power source voltage, and the voltage at a point b which is connected to the positive terminal of the capacitor C 3 . When the voltage level at the point b exceeds a reference level, the overvoltage detection circuit 3 develops a control signal for terminating the operation of the oscillator circuit OSC.

FIG. 3 shows a typical construction of the overvoltage detection circuit 3.

The voltage at the point a is applied to a series circuit of resistors R 3 and R 4 , and grounded. The voltage at the point b is applied to the connection point of the resistors R 3 and R 4 via a diode D 3 . The connection point of the resistors R 3 and R 4 is grounded through resistors R 5 and R 6 and a Zener diode Z 1 . A double-base diode (Trade Name Programmable Unijunction Transistor) P 1 is provided for developing the control signal to be applied to the oscillator circuit OSC. The anode electrode of the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 is connected to the connection point of the resistors R 3 and R 4 , the gate electrode of the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 is connected to the connection point of the resistors R 5 and R 6 , and the cathode electrode is connected to the oscillator circuit OSC.

When the voltage level of the point b exceeds a reference level VZ 1 , the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 is turned on to develop the control signal for terminating the oscillation operation of the oscillator OSC. In this way, the impending abnormal overvoltage is detected to protect the circuit elements. The ON condition of the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 is maintained as long as the main power switch is closed, because the overvoltage detection circuit 3 is connected to receive the voltage from the point a.

The voltage detection circuit 3 does not necessarily employ the programmable unijunction transistor. Another element showing the latching characteristics such as a negative resistance element can be employed instead of the programmable unijunction transistor.

FIG. 4 shows a typical construction of the oscillator circuit OSC.

The oscillation circuit OSC mainly comprises an astable multivibrator including transistors Q 1 , Q 2 and Q 3 , and an output stage including a transistor Q 4 . The astable multivibrator is connected to receive the voltage appearing across the capacitor C 3 , and develops an output signal of which frequency is determined by the circuit condition as long as the multivibrator receives a voltage greater than a predetermined level.

The output signal of the output stage is applied to the base electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 included in the driver circuit 1 in order to switch the switching transistor Q 5 with a predetermined frequency. A transistor Q 9 is interposed between the base electrode of the transistor Q 3 and the grounded terminal. The transistor Q 9 is controlled by the control signal derived from the overvoltage detection circuit 3. Accordingly, the transistor Q 3 is turned off to terminate the oscillation operation when the abnormal overvoltage is detected by the overvoltage detection circuit 3.

Now assume that a voltage Vc 3 is developed across the capacitor C 3 . When main power supply switch is closed, the voltage Vc 3 varies in a manner shown by a curve X in FIG. 5. When the voltage Vc 3 reaches a predetermined level, the astable multivibrator begins the oscillation operation. More specifically, the transistor Q 1 is first turned on because the base electrode of the transistor Q 1 is connected to a capacitor C 4 of which the capacitance value is relatively small. At this moment, the transistor Q 2 is held off.

Because of turning on of the transistor Q 1 , the capacitor C 4 is gradually charged through a resistor R 4 and the transistor Q 1 . Accordingly, the base electrode voltage of the transistor Q 1 is gradually increased and, hence, the emitter electrode voltage of the transistor Q 1 is also increased to turn on the transistor Q 2 . When the transistor Q 2 is turned on, the transistor Q 3 is also turned on. The base electrode voltage of the transistor Q 2 which is bypassed by a resistor R 1 is reduced and, therefore, the transistor Q 2 is stably on. At this moment, the transistor Q 1 is turned off.

When the transistor Q 3 is turned on, the transistor Q 4 is turned on to develop a signal to turn on the switching transistor Q 5 . Upon turning on of the transistor Q 3 , the charge stored in the capacitor C 4 is gradually discharged through paths shown by arrows in FIG. 4. Therefore, the base electrode voltage of the transistor Q 1 is gradually reduced. When the base electrode voltage of the transistor Q 1 becomes less than a predetermined level, the transistor Q 1 is turned on, and the transistor Q 2 , Q 3 and Q 4 are turned off. Accordingly, the transistor Q 5 is turned off. After passing the initial start condition, the driving voltage Vc 3 is held at a predetermined level as shown by a curve Y in FIG. 5 to maintain the above-mentioned oscillation operation.

The photo transistor Q 8 is disposed in the discharge path of the capacitor C 4 in order to control the discharge period in response to the impedance of the photo transistor Q 8 . That is, the oscillation frequency is controlled in response to the light amount emitted from the light emitting diode included in the output level detector 2.

FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the power supply voltage stabilizer of the present invention, which includes means for precluding occurrence of an abnormal overcurrent. Like elements corresponding to those of FIG. 2 are indicated by like numerals.

In the power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 1, there is a possibility that an abnormally large current flows through the primary winding N 1 when the magnetic flux is saturated due to requirement of large current at the secondary winding side. The power supply voltage stabilizer of FIG. 6 includes an overcurrent detection circuit 4 for detecting an impending abnormally large current.

A resistor R 9 is interposed between the emitter electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 included in the driver circuit 1 and the grounded terminal. The overcurrent detection circuit 4 is connected to receive a signal from the connection point of the resistor R 9 and the emitter electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 , thereby developing a control signal for terminating the oscillation operation of the oscillation circuit OSC.

FIG. 7 shows a typical construction of the overcurrent detection circuit 4.

The voltage at the point a is applied to a series circuit of resistors R 10 and R 11 , and grounded. The collector electrode of a transistor Q 10 is connected to the connection point of the resistors R 10 and R 11 through resistors R 12 and R 13 . The emitter electrode of the transistor Q 10 is grounded. The base electrode of the transistor Q 10 is connected to the connection point of the resistor R 9 and the emitter electrode of the switching transistor Q 5 via a resistor R 14 .

When the switching transistor Q 5 is turned on, a current flows through the resistor R 9 . When the voltage drop across the resistor R 9 exceeds a predetermined value due to a large current, the transistor Q 10 is turned on to turn on the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 . That is, when a large current flows through the primary winding N 1 , the programmable unijunction transistor P 1 develops the control signal to terminate the oscillation operation of the oscillator circuit OSC.

The invention being thus described, it will be obvious that the same may be varied in many ways. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, and all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the following claims.







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