Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical Obsolete technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .
Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.

Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:
- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........
..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !
©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !
All posts are presented here for informative, historical and educative purposes as applicable within Fair Use.

Sunday, November 28, 2010


Line synchronized power supply based on TEA2261 (THOMSON)

The TEA2260/61 is a monolithic integrated circuit
for the use in primary part of an off-line switching
mode power supply.
All functions required for SMPS control under normal
operating, transient or abnormal conditions
are provided.
The capability of working according to the “master-
slave” concept, or according to the “primary
regulation” mode makes the TEA2260/61 very
flexible and easy to use. This is particularly true for
TV receivers where the IC provides an attractive
and low cost solution (no need of stand-by auxiliary
power supply).

Positive and Negative Current up to 1.2A and -
- Low Start-Up Current
- Direct Drive of the Power Transistor
- Two Levels Transistor Current Limitation
- Double Pulse Suppression
- Soft-Starting
- Under and Overvoltage Lock-out
- Automatic Stand-By Mode Recognition
- Large Power Range Capability in Stand-By
(Burst Mode)
- Internal PWM Signal Generator

The TEA2260/61 is an off-line switch mode power
supply controller. The synchronization function
and the specific operation in stand-by mode make
it well adapted to video applications such as TV
sets, VCRs, monitors, etc..
The TEA2260/61 can be used in two types of architectures:
– Master/Slave architecture. In this case, the
TEA2260/61 drives the power transistor according
to the pulse width modulated signals generated
by the secondary located master circuit. A
pulse transformer provides the feedback (see
Figure 1).
– Conventional architecture with linear feedback
signal (feedback sources: optocoupler or transformer
winding) (see Figure 2).

Using the TEA2260/61, the stand-by auxiliary
power supply, often realized with a small but costly
50Hz transformer, is no longer necessary. The
burst mode operation of the TEA2260/61 makes
possible the control of very low output power
(down to less than 1W) with the main power transformer.
When used in a master/slave architecture, the
TEA2260/61 and also the power transistor turn-off
can be easily synchronized with the line transformer.
The switching noise cannot disturb the picture
in this case.
As an S.M.P.S. controller, the TEA2260/61 features
the following functions:
– Power supply start-up (with soft-start)
– PWM generator
– Direct power transistor drive (+1.2A, -2.0A)
– Safety functions: pulse by pulse current limitation,
output power limitation, over and under voltage

Starting Mode - Stand By Mode
Power for circuit supply is taken from the mains
through a high value resistor before starting. As
long as VCC of the TEA2260/61 is below VCC start,
the quiescent current is very low (typically 0.7mA)
and the electrolytic capacitor across VCC is linearly
charged. When VCC reaches VCC start (typically
10.3V), the circuit starts, generating output pulses
with a soft-starting. Then the SMPS goes into the
stand-by mode and the output voltage is a percentage
of the nominal output voltage (e.g. 80%).
To do this, the TEA2260/61 contains all the functions
required for primary mode regulation: a fixed
frequency oscillator, a voltage reference, an error
amplifier and a pulse width modulator (PWM).
For transmission of low power with a good efficiency
in stand-by, an automatic burst generation system
is used, in order to avoid audible noise.
Normal Mode (Secondary Regulation)
The normal operating of the TV set is obtained by
sending to the TEA2260/61 regulation pulses generated
by a regulator located in the secondary side
of the power supply.
This architecture uses the “Master/Slave Concept”,
advantages of which are now well-known
especially the very high efficiency in Stand-by
mode, and the accurate regulation in Normal
Stand-by mode or normal mode are obtained by
supplying or not the secondary regulator. This can
be ordonnered for example by a microprocessor in
relation with the remote control unit.
Regulation pulses are applied to the TEA2260/61
through a small pulse-transformer to the IN input
(Pin 2). This input is sensitive to positive square
pulses. The typical threshold of this input is 0.85V.
The frequency of pulses coming from the secondary
regulator can be lower or higher than the frequency
of the starting oscillator.
The TEA2260/61 has no soft-starting system
when it receives pulses from the secondary. The
soft-start must be located in the secondary regulator.
Due to the principle of the primary regulation, pulses
generated by the starting system automatically
disappear when the voltage delivered by the
SMPS increases.
Stand-by Mode - Normal Mode Transition
During the transition there are simultaneously
pulses coming from the primary and secondary
These signals are not synchronized and some
care has to be taken to ensure the safety of the
switching power transistor.
A very sure and simple way consist in checking the
transformer demagnetization state.
– A primary pulse is taken in account only if the
transformer is demagnetized after a conduction
of the power transistor required by the secondary
– A secondary pulse is taken in account only if the
transformer is demagnetized after a conduction
of the power transistor required by the primary
With this arrangement the switching safety area of
the power transistor is respected and there is no
risk of transformer magnetization.


Undervoltage Detection. This protection works in
association with the starting device “VCC switch”
(see paragraph Starting-mode - stand-by mode). If
VCC is lower than VCCstop (typically 7.4V) output
pulses are inhibited, in order to avoid wrong operation
of the power supply or bad power transistor
Overvoltage Detection. If VCC exceeds VCCmax
(typically 15.7V) output pulses are inhibited and
the external capacitor C2 is charged as long as
VCC is higher than VCC stop. Restarting of the
power supply is obtained by reducing VCC below
VCCstop except if the voltage across C2 reaches
VC2 (typically 2.55V) (refer to “Restart of the power
supply” paragraph).In this last case, the circuit is
definitively stopped.
Current Limitation of the Power Transistor. The
current is measured by a shunt resistor. A double
threshold system is used:
– When the first threshold (VIM1) is reached, the
conduction of the power transistor is stopped until
the end of the period: a new conduction signal
is needed to obtain conduction again.
– Furthermore as long as the first threshold is
reached (it means during several periods), an external
capacitor C2 is charged. When the voltage
across the capacitor reaches VC2 (typically
2.55V) the output is inhibited. This is called the
“repetitive overload protection”. If the overload
disappears before VC2 is reached, C2 is discharged,
so transient overloads are tolerated.
– Second current limitation threshold (VIM2). When
this threshold is reached the output of the circuit
is immediately inhibited. This protection is helpful
in case of hard overload for example to avoid the
magnetization of the transformer.
Restart of the Power Supply. After stopping due
to VIM2, VCCMax or VCCstop triggering, restart of
the power supply can be obtained by the normal
operating of the “VCC switch” VCC switch sequency
from VCCstop to VCCstart. After stopping due to
VC2 threshold reaching, the circuit is definitively
stopped. In this case it is necessary to reduce VCC
below approximately 5V to reset the circuit. From a
practical point of view, it means that the power
supply has to be temporarily disconnected from
any power source to get the restart.

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