Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical Obsolete technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .
Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.

Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:
- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........
..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !
©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !
All posts are presented here for informative, historical and educative purposes as applicable within Fair Use.

Tuesday, September 27, 2011


Cathode-ray tube envelope (BONDED CRT):

The present invention relates to improvements in electron discharge tubes of the type suitable for television ;receivers and more particularly to tubes having primarily all-glass envelopes adaptable to both monochromatic and polychromatic television reception. The subject invention is especially applicable to cathode-ray tube bulbs which comprise a tubular glass shell in the form of a frustum of a cone or of a four-sided pyramidal frustum.
Heretofore, it has become the practice to construct a hermetically sealed cathode-ray tube envelope having a generally conical shape from composite hollow glass parts with relatively smooth sidewalls. The tube is formed by sealing an extensive glass face plate to a frusto-conical shaped glass funnel which tube is subject, when evacuated, to large forces on the face plate, funnel and the sealing area therebetween. The seal area in addition to being vacuum-tight must be capable of withstanding tremendous stress, both during processing and handling subsequent to face plate sealing, as well as when the tube is fully processed and placed in use. The seal area must be equally strong both during evacuation and when equalized atmospheric pressures are present both within and without the envelope to avoid tube failure.

The face plate on completion of sealing and evacuating is under inward radial compression tending to bow out or distend the side walls in the seal area which forces tend to establish undesirable tensile stresses therein. The ability of both the face plate and funnel to resist such enormous loading placed thereon when the tube is vacuumized must be designed into the tube structure to satisfactorily resist tube failure. It is known that forces exerted on the face plate tend to cause the tube to implode on failure and it is also against this tendency that the funnel side walls must be strengthened.
Heretofore, such strengthening has not been adequately incorporated into the funnel member and, when fabricated of glass, the funnel has played only a minor role in resisting tube failure with its gently curved side walls. Some of the deficiencies of a smoothly curved, generally conical glass funnel have consisted of maintaining dimensions on its larger end for face plate sealing and providing a complementary part as equally durable as the face plate. Seal failure has at times been attributed to weaknesses in the funnel member, particularly in its greater crosssectional area.

It is, accordingly, an object of the present invention to provide an improved glass cathode-ray tube envelope fabricated of scaled hollow glass parts, which envelope is applicable to a tube having a large viewing screen, the envelope being reinforced in its seal area by the improved construction of a major component glass part.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a glass cathode-ray tube envelope fabricated of hollow glass parts which possess sealing surfaces capable of effecting a glass-to-glass hermetic seal which is not subject to distortion and/or failure under normal conditions of processing and use.
Another object of this invention is to provide an im- 2,966,997 Patented Jan. 3, 1961 proved all-glass type enclosure for a cathode-ray television picture tube which is more resistant to sidewall variation in the seal area at both normal and evacuated pressures.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a funnel member for a cathode-ray tube envelope having an encompassing annular flange portion integrally formed as a portion of the sidewall at its larger end.
The specific nature of this invention, as well as other objects and advantages thereof, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the annexed sheet of drawings on which, by way of preferred example only. are illustrated the preferred embodiments of this invention.
On the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary sectional view of an all-glass cathode-ray tube envelope embodying face plate and funnel members in accordance with  invention.

Fig. 2 is a plan view showing my improved tube construction as related to a so-called rectangular tube.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a modification of the seal between the component glass parts.
While this invention will be described as specifically applied to the manufacture of a cathode-ray tube, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the principles of the invention are equally applicable to the manufacture of any type of evacuated glass envelope formed by assembly of two or more preformed glass parts.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, a glass cathoderay tube in a preferred embodiment has an envelope 10 which comprises a glass funnel'll in the shape of a truncated cone to the large end of which is sealed a glass face plate 12. A glass neck designated by the numeral 14 is normally sealed to the other or small end of funnel 11 which is shown as a four-sided pyramidal frustum on the drawings. A single or multiple electron gun structure (not shown) of any known form is sealed in the neck 14 of the envelope 10 directed toward a fluorescent screen (not shown) disposed either adjacent to or on the interior surface of face plate 12. The neck, electron guns, and screen portions of the tube are conventional in the art and not the subject of this invention.
Face plate 12 is provided with a concavo-convex viewing area 12a in its central portion which is bounded by an annular peripheral flange 12b terminating in a planar sealing surface 120. Face plate 12 is adaptable to transmitting light generated within the envelope.
Funnel 11 is provided with a frusto-conical shaped main body portion and a flange portion 11b at its large end having a right-angled cross-sectional shape in one form, as shown in Fig. 1, the flange terminating in a planar sealing surface 110 in an area of greatest crosssectional dimensions of said funnel. The sealing surfaces 11c and are of complemental configuration for uniting either by hermetic welding or fusing. Surfaces 11c and 120 may be joined either by direct glass-to-glass fusion or by employing a layer 13 of low-melting glass sealing composition therebetween. Such low-melting sealant will normally facilitate sealing the component glass parts below their annealing or softening point temperatures without detrimental deformation or distortion thereof or of mounted internal hardware.

Flange 11b is comprised of outwardly and forwardly extending panel sections 11d and 11e which jointly constitute an enlarged truncated base or framing portion integrally united to the large end of main body portion 11a. Flange panel section 11d extends radially and transversely from the tube axis while panel section lle extends forwardly nearly parallel to the tube axis terminating in planar sealing surface 11c, both sections having a uniform wall thickness nearly equal to that of the main body portion. Flange 11b has an overall shape which uniformly follows the periphery of the large funnel end. The dimensions of panel sections 11d and 11e are regulated so as to incorporate a strengthening rim into the large funnel end and the adjacent sealing area.
The width of annular panel section 11d is controlled so that its ring-like. area perpendicular to the tube axis does not exceed percent of the overall viewing area 12a of the face plate. By such control of the area of section 11d a diaphragm effect may be avoided which tends to cause variations in the overall tube length and thus deviations in critical distances between beam guns and their target area. Section He is preferably of relatively short length to locate section 11d as close to sealing surface 110 as practicable, however, sufficiently far removed to avoid thermal effects therein during thermal fusion of the joint.

As shown on Fig. 1, the widths of flange panel sections 11d and He may be nearly equi-dimensioned comprising a regular right-angle flange. The junction of sections 11d and He may be smoothly curved with a relatively short radius. The flange portion may be fabricated as an integral part of the funnel by common glass manufacturing procedures such as centrifugal spinning. Such practice has been fully described in Reynolds Patent No. 2,771,712, issued to the same assignee as the present application.
In a modification of,the present invention, as shown on Fig. 3, annular metal bands 15 are fusingly united to the sealing surfaces 110 and 120 of the funnel and face plate members respectively. Metal bands 15 have an arcuate cross-section and are oppositely disposed so that they may be joined in near tangential arrangement. A similar layer 13 of low-melting sealing composition is interposed therebetween to effect their hermetic sealing during final processing of the tube envelope 10.
Funnel 11 has a similar flange portion 11) at its large end which is formed of oppositely curved, tangentially joined portions of the tube sidewall extending outwardly and forwardly to comprise a uniformly curved enlarged base. Flange 11) consists of integrally formed, arcuate panel sections 11g and 11h, the latter of which terminates in planar sealing surface 110. The centers of curvature of panel sections 11g and 11h lie in a line either parallel to the tube axis or diverging therefrom in the same direction as the funnel sidewalls. Panel sections 113 and 11h of the flange are similarly composed of glass having a relatively uniform thickness comparable to that of the funnel sidewalls. The width of the transverse annular area of panel section 11g is similarly limited to less than 10 percent of the viewing area 12a of the face plate.
Various modifications may be resorted to within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

1. An all-glass television picture tube envelope comprising a substantially funnel-shaped hollow glass body consisting essentially of funnel and flanged face plate members, the large end of said funnel member being approximately rectangular in shape and having said flanged face plate sealed thereto, said face plate and funnel members having complemental planar sealing surfaces normal to the envelope axis joined in hermetically sealed relation, said funnel member having frusto-conical smoothly curved flared sidewalls extending between its ends, said sidewalls being bowed outwardly between said ends, said funnel member having an annular strengthening rim portion adjacent its large rectangular end and providing its sealing surface, said rim portion being formed of radially and longitudinally extending sidewall panels of greater cross-sectional dimensions than and having a wall thickness substantially equal to the main body portion of said funnel.

2. The all-glass television picture tube envelope defined in claim 1, wherein the radially and longitudinally extending sidewall panels of said rim portion are disposed in essentially right-angled relationship, the area of said radial sidewall panel not exceeding 10% of the area of the viewing surface of said flanged face plate.

3. A television picture tube envelope comprising a substantially funnel-shaped hollow glass body consisting of funnel, neck, and flanged face plate members, the large end of said funnel being approximately rectangular in shape and having said flanged face plate sealed thereto, the small end of said funnel being approximately circular in shape and having said neck sealed thereto, said face plate and funnel members having complemental planar sealing surfaces normal to the tube axis joined in hermetically sealed relation, said funnel member having flared sidewalls extending between its ends, said funnel member having an annular strengthening rim portion adjacent its large rectangular end and providing its sealing surface, said rim portion being formed of oppositely curved tangentially joined panels of approximately equal radii, said panels extending radially and longitudinally having greater overall dimensions than the main body portion of said funnel, said panels having a thickness substantially equal to the main body portion of said funnel.

4. The television picture tube envelope defined in claim 3, wherein the radial centers of the oppositely curved and tangentially joined panels of said rim portion reside in a line essentially parallel to the tube axis, the surface area of said radially projecting panel not exceeding 10% of the viewing area of said face plate member.

References Cited in the file of this patent" UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,232,098 Deichman Feb. 18, 1941 2,514,878 Kuperus July 11, 1950 2,643,020 Dalton June 23, 1953 2,691,457 Longacre Oct. 12, 1954 2,761,990 Amdursky Sept. 4, 1956 2,782,952 Dalton et al. Feb. 26, 1957 2,813,213 Cramer Nov. 12, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 480,294 Canada Jan. 15, 1952

The TUBE FIVRE 19AFP4 is fabricated by an extint Italian manufacturer.

It's a 110° degree type so it's very compact and isa one of the first of this type and with heavy glass contour.

FIVRE WAS Fabbrica Italiana Valvole Radio Elettriche which was fabricating Picture tubes and Radio Tubes.

FIVRE were established in 1932 as a manufacturer of thermoinic valves.
Cathode ray tubes for monochrome television sets were introduced in 1952.Since then, many millions of FIVRE CRTs have been incorporated in TV sets by most European brand leaders.
In 1976 FIVRE extendet the product rance to include monochrome data display tubes, gaining in a short time a large share of the European market.

FIVRE was established in 1932 by Bruno Antonio and Umberto Quintavalle in the form of a joint stock company. Although formally external to the Fabbrica Italiana Magneti Marelli system, and subsequently detached from it, FIVRE was initially one of the sectoral creations of the Marelli group, conceived with the aim of outsourcing production. Just as RadioMarelli had been conceived in 1929 to produce Italian radios, FIVRE was also conceived to produce national components, and became part of the Fabbrica Italiana Magneti Marelli. Managing director was Bruno Antonio Quintavalle, while general attorney was Umberto Quintavalle.

The production plant was located in Pavia, in Via Fabio Filzi, together with the technical publications department; the head office and the technical publications department were in Milan, in Via Guastalla 2, and the administrative office in Corso Venezia 13. In 1937 in Sesto San Giovanni were inaugurated two other plants for receiving and transmitting thermionic valves . In 1938, while a new plant for spark plugs for airplanes (Magneti Marelli IV) was inaugurated, a plant dedicated mainly to research was built in Florence (Plant II) in Via Panciatichi 30. Destroyed during the war, it was restored at the end of the forties.

Despite the autarkic idea to design, patent and build their own components to supply Italian companies with radio equipment, FIVRE was limited for a long time to the production of vacuum tubes under license from R.C.A. Radiotron, initially using American-made machinery. Only later was an autonomous research system developed.

In 1935 FIVRE produced over 700,000 valves per year, against a national requirement of 800,000. In 1936 the production came to touch 900 000 units.
Some valves FIVRE (models 57-58-57-47-80) with the bulb in transparent red glass, had the characteristic of bearing hot stamped on the base of the frame number of the radio, in order to make it easier to replace the model: the practice was possible given the small number of models in production.

In the military field, FIVRE developed some interesting products. A valve - designed in Italy by Castellani and whose final development FIVRE took care of in 1941 (the FIVRE 1628) - could allow radars to reach a peak power of 10 kW.

Together with other companies (SAFAR, Allocchio Bacchini, Radio Marelli itself, IMCA Radio, Philips Italiana, Officine Marconi, Telefunken Italiana) FIVRE also participated in the development of the radars "Gufo (E.C. 3 ter)", "Folaga", "Lince". The Regia Marina asked FIVRE for the construction of a particular oscillating tube of high frequency and power (a "magnetron") for the radars to be installed on its ships; finally, it participated in the construction of the Allocchio Bacchini RA350/I and AR-18 receivers for the radio station of the Savoia Marchetti SM79. On the receiver ARI 8 of the Air Force, was mounted the FIVRE EIR.
The post-war period

In the post-war period FIVRE diversified its production. The company degraded the quality of its products, failing at the same time to propose innovative components. On the contrary, when the required quantities were very low, FIVRE limited itself to mark with its logo the components produced by other factories.

Since 1952, in addition to thermionic valves, which were about to be surpassed by transistors in Europe, FIVRE devoted itself to the production of black and white TV cameras.
New productions and crisis

The production plant in Florence was already in crisis in the sixties. In January 1963 there was an occupation of the factory , then lasted 18 days. One hundred and forty-seven workers were denounced for the action and was presented to the Chamber of Deputies by Mazzoni and others in the session of February 10, 1965. Since 1976 - in the Florence plant - Fivre addressed a new niche production. At the place of military orders, with its monochromatic tubes for data display, was given response to the demands of the computer industry, expanding on the European market. They produced transmitting and industrial valves, X-ray tubes for diagnostics, full protection caps and other accessories.

FIVRE Firenze - changing its name to VALFIVRE - then merged into a new company with its head office in Calenzano, in Via Baldanzese 17, actually being absorbed into a company that had already existed since the 1920s for the production of high vacuum electronic tubes for radio transmitting and receiving equipment. The new company, established with FIVRE, moved from the production of valves to the production of television CRT kinescopes, poliodes for transmitting applications, progressive wave tubes, to the production of laser sources. The brand still existing today has been acquired by different companies, being today managed by Esse A.

The Pavia plant, renovated in 1955, abandoned the prospect of pursuing the consumer electronics and color television market. Already in crisis in the mid-sixties, with the suspension of 153 workers and various layoffs that gave rise to parliamentary questions by Senator Piovano], in the two-year period 1984-86 found itself having to deal with operating losses equal to 10% of its annual turnover. The reduction in the cost of waste allowed the company to recover, closing the 1986 financial year at break-even with 60 fewer employees, an increase in turnover of 5% and a percentage of foreign sales of 70%. At the beginning of the nineties, FIVRE had to resort again to the instruments of arrangement with creditors and social shock absorbers. FIVRE then concentrated on automotive electronics, a sector in which it had already entered in support of Magneti Marelli in 1978: "thick film" circuits, ignition, alternators, transistors, electronic circuits, up to control units. The Pavia plant was abandoned - and demolished in 2007 - and the entire production moved from Magneti Marelli to Corbetta in the 2000s. With this production delocalization, the FIVRE brand ceased to be used.

The FIVRE range of CRT are used in applications demanding a quality product, in both the civil and military areas, including: high-resolution graphics and desk-top-publishing, radar, large screen dispays and medical equipment; to name but a few.
The technical data in this brochure refers to only a part of the FIVRE product range. Please ask for your specific needs. FIVRE are capable of supplying custom designed CTRs with short lead-times, even with small production quantities. FIVRE”s service to the market s based upon our dynamic approach to R&D, coupled with our flexsible production capability.

Further Notes:

^ Varini Valerio, L'opera condivisa, la città delle fabbriche: Sesto San Giovanni 1903-1952 : l'industria, Franco Angeli, 2006. ^ Fivre, Tubi trasmittenti e speciali (PDF), in Catalogo, 1939 - XVII - I. ^ Patrignani Mauro, I Tubi Termoionici e l'Amplificazione del Suono - Volume primo: Manuale sui Tubi termoionici o Valvole Termoioniche e le loro applicazione nell'amplificazione audio., 2015. ^ Mascia Giacinto, La guerra senza radar: 1935-1943, i vertici militari contro i radar italiani, L`Universale, 2015. ^ R.A. 350/I Transmitter, su URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015. ^ Fivre, Catalogo dati tecnici delle valvole riceventi per MA/MF-TV e dei cinescopi, Fivre, 1963. ^ Capodanno in fabbrica alla Fivre di Firenze, in L`Unita`, 2 Gennaio 1963 (archiviato dall'url originale il 4 marzo 2016). ^ Lo svizzero, La pira e la via cattolica al comunismo, Il Borghese, 1964. ^ III Legislatura - 12 giugno 1958-15 maggio 1963, su URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015. ^ Camera dei Deputati -Atti Parlamentari - IV Legislatura - Seduta 10 Febbraio 1965 (PDF). ^ Fivre, Dati Tecnici - Valvole, cinescopi, quarzi (PDF), Pavia, 1968. ^ Senato della Repubblica - Assemblea. Resoconto Stenografico - IV Legislatura (PDF), 17 gennaio 1966. ^ Gazzetta Ufficiale, su URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015. ^ Gazzetta Ufficiale, su URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015. ^ F.I.V.R.E. (Fabbrica Italiana Valvole Radioelettriche) - S. A. 1932 – 1992 Una piccola ricerca su una grande azienda italiana (PDF), su (archiviato dall'url originale il 17 marzo 2016). ^ Dalla radio all’auto la Fivre racconta l’elettronica pavese - la Provincia Pavese, su Archivio - la Provincia Pavese. URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015. ^ La fabbrica di Pavia che rivoluzionò radio e televisori, su URL consultato l'8 novembre 2015 (archiviato dall'url originale in data pre 1/1/2016).

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