- TUNER:29504-101.01 with TUA2000-4 (SIEMENS) + SDA3202-2 + SDA2516
- IF + SYNC ZF-SYNC :29504-102.55 WITH TDA4442 + TDA2579
- VIDEO:FARB-RGB with TDA3505 + TDA4555 + TDA4565
- TELETEXT:29304-469.24 WITH SAA5243 + SAA5231
Bipolar Television Tuner IC for Frequency Ranges up to 700 MHz
General Purpose Phase Locked Loop Device - VCO tuner combo PLL, I2C Bus
- Word-organized reprogrammable nonvolatile memory
in n-channel floating-gate technology (E2PROM)
- 128 ´ 8-bit organization
- Supply voltage 5 V
- Serial 2-line bus for data input and output (I2C Bus)
- Reprogramming mode, 10 ms erase/write cycle
- Reprogramming by means of on-chip control (without
- Check for end of programming process
- Data retention > 10 years
- More than 104 reprogramming cycles per address
- Compatible with SDA 2516. Exception:
Conditions for total erase and current consumption.
I2C Bus Interface
The I2C Bus is a bidirectional 2-line bus for the transfer of data between various integrated circuits.
It consists of a serial data line SDA and a serial clock line SCL. The data line requires an external
pull-up resistor to VCC (open drain output stage).
The possible operational states of the I2C Bus are shown in figure 1. In the quiescent state, both
lines SDA and SCL are high, i.e. the output stage of the data line is disabled. As long a SCL remains
"1", information changes on the data bus indicate the start or the end of data transfer between two
The transition on SDA from "1" to "0" is a start condition, the transition from "0" to "1" a stop
condition. During a data transfer the information on the data bus will only change while the clock line
SCL is "0". The information on SDA is valid as long as SCL is "1".
In conjunction with an I2C Bus system, the memory component can operate as a receiver and as a
transmitter (slave receiver or slave transmitter). Between a start and stop condition, information is
always transmitted in byte-organized form. Between the trailing edge of the eighth clock pulse and a ninth acknowledge clock pulse, the memory component sets the SDA line to low as a confirmation
of reception, if the chip select conditions have been met. During the output of data, the data output
of the memory is high in impedance during the ninth clock pulse (acknowledge master).
The signal timing required for the operation of the I2C Bus is summarized in figure 2.
Control Functions of the I2C Bus
The memory component is controlled by the controller (master) via the I2C Bus in two operating
modes: read-out cycle, and reprogramming cycle, including erase and write to a memory address.
In both operating modes, the controller, as transmitter, has to provide 3 bytes and an additional
acknowledge clock pulse to the bus after the start condition. During a memory read, at least nine
additional clock pulses are required to accept the data from the memory and the acknowledge
master, before the stop condition may follow. In the case of programming, the active programming
process is only started by the stop condition after data input (see figure 3).
The chip select word contains the 3 chip select bits CS0, CS1 and CS2, thus allowing 8 memory
chips to be connected in parallel. Chip select is achieved when the three control bits logically
correspond to the selected conditions at the select inputs.
Check for End of Programming or Abortion of Programming Process
If the chip is addressed during active reprogramming by entering CS/E, the programming process
is terminated. If, however, it is addressed by entering CS/A, the entry will be ignored. Only after
programming has been terminated will the chip respond to CS/A. This allows the user to check
whether the end of the programming process has been reached (see figure 3).
After the input of the first two control words CS/E and WA, the resetting of the start condition and the
input of a third control word CS/A, the memory is set ready to read. During acknowledge clock
nine, the memory information is transferred in parallel mode to the shift register. Subsequent to the
trailing edge of the acknowledge clock, the data output is low impedance and the first data bit can
be sampled, (see figure 4).
With every shift clock, an additional bit reaches the output. After reading a byte, the internal address
counter is automatically incremented when the master receiver switches the data line to “low” during
the ninth clock (acknowledge master). Any number of memory locations can thus be read one after
the other. At address 128, an overflow to address 0 is not initiated. With the stop condition, the data
output returns to high-impedance mode. The internal sequence control of the memory component
is reset from the read to the quiescent with the stop condition.
The reprogramming cycle of a memory word comprises an erase and a subsequent write process.
During erase, all eight bits of the selected word are set into "1" state. During write, "0" states are
generated according to the information in the internal data register, i.e. according to the third input
After the 27th and the last clock of the control word input, the active programming process is started
by the stop condition. The active reprogramming process is executed under onchip control.
The time required for reprogramming depends on component deviation and data patterns.
Therefore, with rated supply voltage, the erase/write process extends over max. 20 ms, or more
typically, 10 ms. In the case of data word input without write request (write request is defined as data
bit in data register set to “0”), the write process is suppressed and the programming time is
shortened. During a subsequent programming of an already erased memory address, the erase
process is suppressed again, so that the reprogramming time is also shortened.
TDA2579 Horizontal/vertical synchronization circuit
The TDA2579B generates and synchronizes horizontal and vertical signals. The device has a 3 level sandcastle output;
a transmitter identification signal and also 50/60 Hz identification.
· Horizontal phase detector, (sync to oscillator), sync separator and noise inverter
· Triple current source in the phase detector with automatic selection
· Second phase detector for storage compensation of the horizontal output
· Stabilized direct starting of the horizontal oscillator and output stage from mains supply
· Horizontal output pulse with constant duty cycle value of 29 ms
· Internal vertical sync separator, and two integration selection times
· Divider system with three different reset enable windows
· Synchronization is set to 628 divider ratio when no vertical sync pulses and no video transmitter is identified
· Vertical comparator with a low DC feedback signal
· 50/60 Hz identification output combined with mute function
· Automatic amplitude adjustment for 50 and 60 Hz and blanking pulse duration
· Automatic adaption of the burst-key pulsewidth.
Vertical part (pins 1,2,3,4)
The IC embodies a synchronized divider system for generating the vertical sawtooth at pin 3. The divider system has an
internal frequency doubling circuit, so the horizontal oscillator is working at its normal line frequency and one line period
equals 2 clock pulses. Due to the divider system no vertical frequency adjustment is needed. The divider has a
discriminator window for automatically switching over from the 60 Hz to 50 Hz system. The divider system operates with
3 different divider reset windows for maximum interference/disturbance protection.
The windows are activated via an up/down counter. The counter increases its counter value by 1 for each time the
separated vertical sync pulse is within the searched window. The count is decreased by 1 when the vertical sync pulse
is not present.
Large (search) window: divider ratio between 488 and 722
This mode is valid for the following conditions:
1. Divider is looking for a new transmitter.
2. Divider ratio found, not within the narrow window limits.
3. Up/down counter value of the divider system operating in the narrow window mode decreases below count 1.
4. Externally setting. This can be reached by loading pin 18 with a resistor of 220 kW to earth or connecting a 3.6 V
diode stabistor between pin 18 and ground.
Narrow window: divider ratio between 522-528 (60 Hz) or 622-628 (50 Hz).
The divider system switches over to this mode when the up/down counter has reached its maximum value of 12 approved
vertical sync pulses. When the divider operates in this mode and a vertical sync pulse is missing within the window the
divider is reset at the end of the window and the counter value is decreased by 1. At a counter value below count 1 the
divider system switches over to the large window mode.
When the up/down counter has reached its maximum value of 12 in the narrow window mode, the information applied to
the up/down counter is changed such that the standard divider ratio value is tested. When the counter has reached a
value of 14 the divider system is changed over to the standard divider ratio mode. In this mode the divider is always reset
at the standard value even if the vertical sync pulse is missing. A missed vertical sync pulse decreases the counter value
by 1. When the counter reaches the value of 10 the divider system is switched over to the large window mode.
The standard TV-norm condition gives maximum protection for video recorders playing tapes with anti-copy guards.
No-TV-transmitter found: (pin 18 <>
In this condition, only noise is present, the divider is rest to count 628. In this way a stable picture display at normal height
Video tape recorders in feature mode
It should be noted that some VTRs operating in the feature modes, such as picture search, generate such distorted
pictures that the no-TV-transmitter detection circuit can be activated as pin V18 drops below 1.2 V. This would imply a
rolling picture (see Phase detector, sub paragraph d). In general VTR-machines use a re-inserted vertical sync pulse in
the feature mode. Therefore the divider system has been made such that the automatic reset of the divider at count 628
when V18 is below 1.2 V is inhibited when a vertical sync pulse is detected.
The divider system also generates the anti-top-flutter pulse which inhibits the Phase 1 detector during the vertical sync.
pulse. The width of this pulse depends on the divider mode. For the divider mode a the start is generated at the reset of
the divider. In mode b and c the anti-top-flutter pulse starts at the beginning of the first equalizing pulse.
TDA4555 Multistandard decoder
The TDA4555 and TDA4556 are monolithic integrated
multistandard colour decoders for the PAL, SECAM,
NTSC 3,58 MHz and NTSC 4,43 MHz standards. The
difference between the TDA4555 and TDA4556 is the
polarity of the colour difference output signals (B-Y)
· Gain controlled chrominance amplifier for PAL, SECAM
· ACC rectifier circuits (PAL/NTSC, SECAM)
· Burst blanking (PAL) in front of 64 ms glass delay line
· Chrominance output stage for driving the 64 ms glass
delay line (PAL, SECAM)
· Limiter stages for direct and delayed SECAM signal
· SECAM permutator
· Flyback blanking incorporated in the two synchronous
demodulators (PAL, NTSC)
· PAL switch
· Internal PAL matrix
· Two quadrature demodulators with external reference
tuned circuits (SECAM)
· Internal filtering of residual carrier
· De-emphasis (SECAM)
· Insertion of reference voltages as achromatic value
(SECAM) in the (B-Y) and (R-Y) colour difference output
· Automatic standard recognition by sequential inquiry
· Delay for colour-on and scanning-on
· Reliable SECAM identification by PAL priority circuit
· Forced switch-on of a standard
· Four switching voltages for chrominance filters, traps
· Two identification circuits for PAL/SECAM (H/2) and
· PAL/SECAM flip-flop
· SECAM identification mode switch (horizontal, vertical
or combined horizontal and vertical)
· Crystal oscillator with divider stages and PLL circuitry
(PAL, NTSC) for double colour subcarrier frequency
· HUE control (NTSC)
· Service switch
TDA4442 VIDEO IF AMPLIFIER
This video IF processing circuit integrates the following
functional blocks : .Three symmetrical, very stable, gain controlled
wideband amplifier stages - without feedback
by a quasi-galvanic coupling. .Demodulator controlled by the picture carrier .Video output amplifier with high supply voltage
rejection .Polarity switch for the video output signal .AGC on peak white level .GatedAGC .Discharge control .Delayed tuner AGC .At VTR Reading mode the video output signal
is at ultra white level.
TDA3505 Video control combination circuit with automatic cut-off control
The TDA3505 and TDA3506 are monolithic integrated circuits which perform video control functions in a PAL/SECAM
decoder. The TDA3505 is for negative colour difference signals -(R-Y), -(B-Y) and the TDA3506 is for positive colour
difference signals +(R-Y), +(B-Y).
The required input signals are: luminance and colour difference (negative or positive) and a 3-level sandcastle pulse for
control purposes. Linear RGB signals can be inserted from an external source. RGB output signals are available for
driving the video output stages. The circuits provide automatic cut-off control of the picture tube.
· Capacitive coupling of the colour difference and
luminance input signals with black level clamping in the
· Linear saturation control acting on the colour difference
· (G-Y) and RGB matrix
· Linear transmission of inserted signals
· Equal black levels for inserted and matrixed signals
· 3 identical channels for the RGB signals
· Linear contrast and brightness controls, operating on
both the inserted and matrixed RGB signals
· Peak beam current limiting input
· Clamping, horizontal and vertical blanking of the three
input signals controlled by a 3-level sandcastle pulse
· 3 DC gain controls for the RGB output signals (white
· Emitter-follower outputs for driving the RGB output
· Input for automatic cut-off control with compensation for
leakage current of the picture tube.
TDA4565 Colour transient improvement circuit
The TDA4565 is a monolithic integrated circuit for colour transient improvement (CTI) and luminance delay line in gyrator
technique in colour television receivers.
· Colour transient improvement for colour difference signals (R-Y) and (B-Y) with transient detecting-, storage- and
switching stages resulting in high transients of colour difference output signals
· A luminance signal path (Y) which substitutes the conventional Y-delay coil with an integrated Y-delay line
· Switchable delay time from 730 ns to 1000 ns in steps of 90 ns and additional fine adjustment of 50 ns
· Two Y output signals; one of 180 ns less delay.
GRUNDIG SUPER COLOR T63-330 CTI GCI82 Television device with processing of teletext signals:
The present invention relates to television receivers with processing of teletext signals transmitted during a teletext transmission period of several video lines within a vertical blanking period.
A television system may include additional transmission of a digital teletext signal that is transmitted during one or more video lines of the vertical flyback period. The digital teletext signal is decoded in the receiver is decoded for producing additional control signals for the picture tube for teletext display. Such teletext processing circuits may include a sine wave clock oscillator synchronized by the teletext signal. The oscillator produces a substantially sine wave clock signal which is coupled to a synchronizing or triggering input of a logic circuit that processes the teletext signal. The logic circuit produces one or more data synchronizing clock and data signals used for teletext signal processing.
The output signal of the clock oscillator is substantially a sine wave and has substantially no harmonics. Therefore, the output signal may not cause significant interference within the reproduced picture.
The output signals of the logic circuit, however, have very fast transition times, especially in connection with miniaturized circuit elements. That means that these signals include high harmonics of substantial amplitude. The high harmonies tend to cause interferences within the reproduced picture. If, for example, the frequency of the clock oscillator is 55 MHz, than the 10th harmonic within the clock and data signals, that is 550 MHz, lies within the UHF-band.
It may be desirable to avoid the interferences within the reproduced picture due to high harmonics within the clock and data signals produced by the logic circuit.
In accordance with an aspect of the invention, the amplitude of the oscillator output signal that is coupled to the logic circuit is reduced during an interval, within a vertical field period, in which the logic circuit is not required to process teletext data.
The invention is based upon the following consideration. The teletext signal is present only during one or more video lines of the vertical blanking period. It follows that the clock and data signals need not he produced for further processing of the teletext data at any other time, especially during the full vertical forward scan period. Therefore, it is possible to disable the logic circuit outside the interval in which teletext data is processed, herein referred to as the teletext data transmission period, in order to avoid the interference. On the other hand, during the teletext data transmission period, the clock and data signals are needed and do not produce interferences. Interferences are not produced because, during the teletext data transmission period, no picture is produced as a result of vertical flyback and blanking.
By switching off the logic circuit outside the teletext data transmission period, the aforementioned interference is avoided in a very simple manner.
A teletext decoder includes a background or buffer memory operating as a first-in, first-out (FIFO) memory. The buffer memory is used for storing a large number of teletext pages. A given video line that contains teletext information is identified as such by the detection of part of a clock run-in sequence followed by the framing code. The video line is then stored in the background memory. After a user page request occurs, the background memory is read-out by a data processor operating in a full channel mode of operation for obtaining the information of the requested page. As long as the read-out operation has not been terminated, incoming teletext data is stored in the background memory. This enables teletext data received prior to termination of the read-out operation to be read out and processed by the data processor.
A data sheet for teleview data acquisition chip MR9710, published by Plessey Semiconductors Ltd., pp. 59-65.
Data sheet for videotext data slicer and clock regenerator SL9100EXP, publ. by Plessey Semiconductors Ltd. (Attention to Fig. 4).
"Applications of Picture Memories in Television Receivers", Berkhoff, et al., published in IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. CE-29, No. 3, Aug. 1983.
Philips publication No. 9398 401 30011, dated Jan. 1985, entitled "ICS for Computer Controlled TV Memory Based Feature", pp. 27-41.
Development data sheet, dated 1986, entitled "SAA9030 Background Memory Controller", published by Philips Corp.
Development data sheet, dated 1988, entitled "SAA9040 Computer Controlled Teletext Extension (CCTE)", published by Philips Corp.
User's Manual, entitled "Computer Controlled Teletext User's Manual", dated 1983, by J. R. Kinghorn, published by Mullard Application Laboratory.
IBA Technical Review, No. ISSN 0308-423 X entitled "Specification of Standard for Broadcast Teletext Signals."
Design Handbook entitled "The Programmable Gate Array Design Handbook", dated 1986, published by Xilinx Co., San Jose, California, pp. 2-114 to 2-117.
Data Book Entitled "the Programmable Gate Array Data Book", including a note entitled Megabit FIFO in two Chips: One LCA and One Dram, by Alfke, published 1988 by Xilinx Co., pp. 6-35 and 6-36.