Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

Richtige Fernseher haben Röhren!

In Brief: On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electronic, electrical and electrotechnical technology relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .

Premise: There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.


Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Obsolete Technology Tellye Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.

Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.

OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:

- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. Doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, when reaching the bottom end of each page and click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the left blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Every CRT Television saved let revive knowledge, thoughts, moments of the past life which will never return again.........

Many contemporary "televisions" (more correctly named as displays) would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years or less and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components are deliberately designed to fail and, or manufactured with limited edition specificities..... and without considering........picture......sound........quality........

..............The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory........ . . . . . .....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !
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©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of
Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !

Friday, May 25, 2012

MEDIATOR (PHILIPS) 66K568 YEAR 1976.






The MEDIATOR (PHILIPS) 66K568 is a 26 inches color television with 16 programs preselection with a surently unusual program change and selection introduced first time for PHILIPS CHASSIS K11 and was Introducing the Inline PHILIPS 20AX CRT TUBE for first time.The PHILIPS 20AX system was introduced in Europe as the first self converging picture tube/deflection coil, combination for 110° degree deflection and screen sizes up to 26". The system is based on the automatic convergence principle discovered by Haantjes and Lubben of Philips Research Laboratory more than 20 years ago. It makes use of an in-line gun array in conjunction with a specially designed saddle type deflection coil. Residual small tolerance errors are compensated by a simple dynamic four-pole system. The tube is 2 cm shorter than conventional 110° Degree tubes and has a standard 36.5 mm neck in order to obtain good color selection. A slotted mask is used in combination with a stripe-structure screen. Picture sharpness is ensured by an astigmatic electron gun.
And for first time it was using a DST EHT + Line output transformer in the K11 chassis and relates to a high-voltage transformer, notably a line transformer for a television receiver, comprising a ferromagnetic core, a primary winding, an insulating layer, a secondary winding, a component holder, and a socket connector for the output of the high voltage to be generated, the secondary winding consisting of a number of winding layers wherebetween insulating layers are inserted, a transition from an end of a winding layer to a beginning of the subsequent winding layer being formed by a diode, all diodes constituting the transitions between the further winding layers being connected in the same rectifying sense.

On the right side of the back cover an composite video adapter could be fitted. This television also provides an audio output via a 5 pin DIN connector.


In The program changer To select the desired programs you have to select his "coordinates" on the front keyboard or even the same on the ultrasonic remote .The green key is used to reset the tv set to defaults.
The channels are organised from A1-4,B1-4,C1-4 to D1-4. The video channel is on A4.

I.E. to select program number 6 you have to press first the "B" letter then the "2" button to get program 6 which will be showed as B - 2.
The tellye here shown has the rare at the time OSD Feature which consist in a very basic Level bars graphic show visualizing the levels for volume, bright and color during setting up via recalling them through remote or front buttons.

These graphic bars are even shown during search tuning showing the advance of the search which is manual but electronically servo assisted by a highly sophisticated system
exported in after models with
PHILIPS CHASSIS K12 and quickly abandoned with other ASIC circuitry.The overlay depicts the choosen tv channel as a matrix of two by four dots. The other settings are depicted as bars.

This is the last model series using the ultrasound ac carrier for remote control commands.

First set and PHILIPS model series introducing the InLine PHILIPS 20AX CRT TUBE FAMILY with PHILIPS K11 CHASSIS.that is even a first model series with PHILIPS CHASSIS K11 with remote control feature with complex ASIC circuits instead of potentiometric drawbars tuning system.


The set is build with a Modular chassis design because as modern television receivers become more complex the problem of repairing the receiver becomes more difficult. As the number of components used in the television receiver increases the susceptibility to breakdown increases and it becomes more difficult to replace defective components as they are more closely spaced. The problem has become even more complicated with the increasing number of color television receivers in use. A color television receiver has a larger number of circuits of a higher degree of complexity than the black and white receiver and further a more highly trained serviceman is required to properly service the color television receiver.
Fortunately for the service problem to date, most failures occur in the vacuum tubes used in the television receivers. A faulty or inoperative vacuum tube is relatively easy to find and replace. However, where the television receiver malfunction is caused by the failure of other components, such as resistors, capacitors or inductors, it is harder to isolate the defective component and a higher degree of skill on the part of the serviceman is required.
Even with the great majority of the color television receiver malfunctions being of the "easy to find and repair" type proper servicing of color sets has been difficult to obtain due to the shortage of trained serviceman.
At the present time advances in the state of the semiconductor art have led to the increasing use of transistors in color television receivers. The receiver described in this application has only two tubes, the picture tube and the high voltage rectifier tube, all the other active components in the receiver being semiconductors.
One important characteristic of a semiconductor device is its extreme reliability in comparison with the vacuum tube. The number of transistor and integrated circuit failures in the television receiver will be very low in comparison with the failures of other components, the reverse of what is true in present day color television receivers. Thus most failures in future television receivers will be of the hard to service type and will require more highly qualified servicemen.
The primary symptoms of a television receiver malfunction are shown on the picture tube of the television receiver while the components causing the malfunction are located within the cabinet. Also many adjustments to the receiver require the serviceman to observe the screen. Thus the serviceman must use unsatisfactory mirror arrangements to remove the electronic chassis from the cabinet, usually a very difficult task. Further many components are "buried" in a maze of circuitry and other components so that they are difficult to remove and replace without damage to other components in the receiver.
Repairing a modern color television receiver often requires that the receiver be removed from the home and carried to a repair shop where it may remain for many weeks. This is an expensive undertaking since most receivers are bulky and heavy enough to require at least two persons to carry them. Further, two trips must be made to the home, one to pick up the receiver and one to deliver it. For these reasons, the cost of maintaining the color television receiver in operating condition often exceeds the initial cost of the receiver and is an important factor in determining whether a receiver will be purchased.
Therefore, the object of this invention is to provide a transistorized color television receiver in which the main electronic chassis is easily accessible for maintenance and adjustment. Another object of this invention is to provide a transistorized color television receiver in which the electronic circuits are divided into a plurality of modules with the modules easily removable for service and maintenance. The main electronic chassis is slidably mounted within the cabinet so that it may be withdrawn, in the same manner as a drawer, to expose the electronic circuitry therein for maintenance and adjustment from the rear closure panel after easy removal. Another aspect is the capability to be serviced at eventually the home of the owner.

The same model after made was the PHONOLA 66K4628 /88Z featuring the after
developed PHILIPS CHASSIS K12 rendering possible a smaller television cabinet but mantaining an equivalent model and features..


This is a PHILIPS Model rebranded MEDIATOR model since IT was aquired many years before.



MEDIATOR Philips (Schweiz) AG: Ab 1927 Verkauf Importgeräte ab Zürich. Ab 1933 Fabrikation in La Chaux-de-Fonds bis 1957, dann TV bis 1973. Kl. Firmengeschichte siehe [1-164]. Die Philips-Lampen AG, Zürich, verkauft zumindest ab 1924 auch Röhren [322502]. Parallel mit den Radios auch Produktion für die Marken Médiator, Jura u.a. Ab 1953 auch TV-Apparate (s/w) und Modifikationen Farbgeräte. TV-Gerätefabrikation auch für Sondyna, Biennophone und Resonar. Immer auch Importgeräte aus D, F, NL!



List of sets known to have the K11 chassis (made from approximately 1975-1978)

= means that models are most likely the same or very similar, but the styling can be

different in some cases. Information was amongst others taken from the Philips model

number survey 2003, 3122 785 14570.

A side note for those who have noticed the K10 chassis is missing from the line up. Rumour has, that this was a K9 variant with another tube, probably Trinitron, that didn’t make it beyond the prototype stage. Instead, Philips decided to use the 20AX tube and named the chassis K11. This chassis was designated K9i in some countries, most notable Germany. The differences between the K9 and K11 chassis were probably thought of as minor as the K11 chassis was basically an improved version of the K9 chassis with some minor (evolutionary) updates, another tube and as a result less complicated convergence circuits.

General models
22C545
22C549
26C364
26C466
26C555
26C556
26C557
26C560
26C561
26C564
26C565
26C566
26C567
26C568
26C569
26C655
26C657
26C663
26C667
26C677
26C750
26C752
26C753
26C762
26C764
26C768
26C770
26C782
26C840

Germany
Factory location Krefeld (KR)

It seems very strange that only one German model is mentioned. Quite possibly the person who compiled the official Philips model number survey got confused by the K9i nomenclature. As a result of that, the D26C865 mentioned in the K9 overview might actually be a K11 set. Other German K11 sets probably exist.

D26C662
D26C865??

Sweden
Factory location Norrköping (NF)
SK22C462
SK26C464
SK26C466
SK26C467
SK26C468
SK26C476
SK26C477
SK26C478
SK26C764
SK26C765
SK26C773
SK26C776
SK26C777
SK26C778
SK26C865

South Africa
Factory location Martinsville
V26k606
V26K609

Other brands (Erres, possibly Schneider (F), ..)
Erres branded sets mostly used the prefix RS
The suffix KSK instead of K might indicate a Swedish model. I haven’t actually seen it on a set in person.

22264KSK
22545K = 22C545
26555K
26557K
26565K
26566K
26568K
26655K
26756K
26764KSK
26768K
26965KSK
26966KSK
263637K
263737K

Other Brands
As a rule, the model number below is prefixed by letters indicating the brand name as

follows (not all brands may be used, others may exist):

AR = Aristona
SA = Siera
RA = Radiola
DX = Dux
CT = Conserton?

The infix KSK instead of K might indicate a Swedish model. I haven’t actually seen it on a set in person.

56KSK264
56K545 = 22C545
56K549 = 22C549
26K0624 (?)
66KSK364
66KSK365
66KSK366
66KSK375
66KSK376
66K466
66K555
66K557
66K565
66K566
66K568
66K655
66K756
66KSK764
66K768
66K4627
66K4727
66K5520
66K5522
66K5624

PROGRESSIVE BY YEAR LIST OF COLOR TELEVISION SETS WITH PHILIPS CHASSIS K11 20AX CRT TUBE.
26C466 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1974
26565K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1975
26566K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1975
26C567 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1975
66K565 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1975
66K566 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1975
22264KSK CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
22545K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
22C545 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
22C549 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26555K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26557K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26568K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26655K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26756K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26764KSK CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26966KSK CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C555 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C557 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C565 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C566 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C568 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C569 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
26C655 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
56K545 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
56K549 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
56KSK264 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66K555 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66K557 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66K568 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66K655 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66K756 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66KSK365 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
66KSK366 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
SK22C462 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
SK26C464 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
SK26C466 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
SK26C467 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
SK26C765 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
sk26c865 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
V26K606 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
V26K609 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1976
263637K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26768K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C364 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C556 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C564 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C657 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C667 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C677 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C762 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C764 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C768 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C770 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
26C782 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
56K0624 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
66K4627 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
66K5624 CHASSIS K11-TRIPLER YEAR 1977
66K768 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
66KSK375 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
66KSK376 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
66KSK764 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C468 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C476 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C478 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C764 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C773 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C776 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
SK26C777 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1977
263737K CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26965KSK CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C560 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C561 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C663 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C750 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C752 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C753 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
26C840 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
66K466 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
66K4727 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
66K5520 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
66K5522 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
66KSK364 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
D26C662 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
SK26C477 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978
SK26C778 CHASSIS K11 YEAR 1978





Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics Inc.), most commonly known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is a multinational Dutch electronics corporation.

Philips is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. In 2009, its sales were €23.18 billion. The company employs 115,924 people in more than 60 countries.

Philips is organized in a number of sectors: Philips Consumer Lifestyles (formerly Philips Consumer Electronics and Philips Domestic Appliances and Personal Care), Philips Lighting and Philips Healthcare (formerly Philips Medical Systems).
The company was founded in 1891 by Gerard Philips, a maternal cousin of Karl Marx, in Eindhoven, Netherlands. Its first products were light bulbs and other electro-technical equipment. Its first factory survives as a museum devoted to light sculpture. In the 1920s, the company started to manufacture other products, such as vacuum tubes (also known worldwide as 'valves'), In 1927 they acquired the British electronic valve manufacturers Mullard and in 1932 the German tube manufacturer Valvo, both of which became subsidiaries. In 1939 they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the USA using the Norelco brand name).
Philips was also instrumental in the revival of the Stirling engine.

As a chip maker, Philips Semiconductors was among the Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Sales Leaders.

In December 2005 Philips announced its intention to make the Semiconductor Division into a separate legal entity. This process of "disentanglement" was completed on 1 October 2006.

On 2 August 2006, Philips completed an agreement to sell a controlling 80.1% stake in Philips Semiconductors to a consortium of private equity investors consisting of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR), Silver Lake Partners and AlpInvest Partners. The sale completed a process, which began December 2005, with its decision to create a separate legal entity for Semiconductors and to pursue all strategic options. Six weeks before, ahead of its online dialogue, through a letter to 8,000 of Philips managers, it was announced that they were speeding up the transformation of Semiconductors into a stand-alone entity with majority ownership by a third party. It was stated then that "this is much more than just a transaction: it is probably the most significant milestone on a long journey of change for Philips and the beginning of a new chapter for everyone – especially those involved with Semiconductors".

In its more than 115 year history, this counts as a big step that is definitely changing the profile of the company. Philips was one of few companies that successfully made the transition from the electrical world of the 19th century into the electronic age, starting its semiconductor activity in 1953 and building it into a global top 10 player in its industry. As such, Semiconductors was at the heart of many innovations in Philips over the past 50 years.

Agreeing to start a process that would ultimately lead to the decision to sell the Semiconductor Division therefore was one of the toughest decisions that the Board of Management ever had to make.

On 21 August 2006, Bain Capital and Apax Partners announced that they had signed definitive commitments to join the expanded consortium headed by KKR that is to acquire the controlling stake in the Semiconductors Division.

On 1 September 2006, it was announced in Berlin that the name of the new semiconductor company founded by Philips is NXP Semiconductors.

Coinciding with the sale of the Semiconductor Division, Philips also announced that they would drop the word 'Electronics' from the company name, thus becoming simply Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Royal Philips N.V.).


PHILIPS FOUNDATION:

The foundations of Philips were laid in 1891 when Anton and Gerard Philips established Philips & Co. in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. The company begun manufacturing carbon-filament lamps and by the turn of the century, had become one of the largest producers in Europe. Stimulated by the industrial revolution in Europe, Philips’ first research laboratory started introducing its first innovations in the x-ray and radio technology. Over the years, the list of inventions has only been growing to include many breakthroughs that have continued to enrich people’s everyday lives.



In the early years of Philips &; Co., the representation of the company name took many forms: one was an emblem formed by the initial letters of Philips ; Co., and another was the word Philips printed on the glass of metal filament lamps.



One of the very first campaigns was launched in 1898 when Anton Philips used a range of postcards showing the Dutch national costumes as marketing tools. Each letter of the word Philips was printed in a row of light bulbs as at the top of every card. In the late 1920s, the Philips name began to take on the form that we recognize today.



The now familiar Philips waves and stars first appeared in 1926 on the packaging of miniwatt radio valves, as well as on the Philigraph, an early sound recording device. The waves symbolized radio waves, while the stars represented the ether of the evening sky through which the radio waves would travel.



In 1930 it was the first time that the four stars flanking the three waves were placed together in a circle. After that, the stars and waves started appearing on radios and gramophones, featuring this circle as part of their design. Gradually the use of the circle emblem was then extended to advertising materials and other products.



At this time Philips’ business activities were expanding rapidly and the company wanted to find a trademark that would uniquely represent Philips, but one that would also avoid legal problems with the owners of other well-known circular emblems. This wish resulted in the combination of the Philips circle and the wordmark within the shield emblem.



In 1938, the Philips shield made its first appearance. Although modified over the years, the basic design has remained constant ever since and, together with the wordmark, gives Philips the distinctive identity that is still embraced today.

The first steps of CRT production by Philips started in the thirties with the Deutsche Philips Electro-Spezial gesellschaft in Germany and the Philips NatLab (Physics laboratory) in Holland. After the introduction of television in Europe, just after WWII there was a growing demand of television sets and oscilloscope equipment. Philips in Holland was ambitious and started experimental television in 1948. Philips wanted to be the biggest on this market. From 1948 there was a small Philips production of television and oscilloscope tubes in the town of Eindhoven which soon developed in mass production. In 1976 a part of the Philips CRT production went to the town of Heerlen and produced its 500.000'th tube in 1986. In 1994 the company in Heerlen changed from Philips into CRT-Heerlen B.V. specialized in the production of small monochrome CRT's for the professional market and reached 1.000.000 produced tubes in 1996. In this stage the company was able to produce very complicated tubes like storage CRT's.
In 2001 the company merged into Professional Display Systems, PDS worked on LCD and Plasma technology but went bankrupt in 2009. The employees managed a start through as Cathode Ray Technology which now in 2012 has to close it's doors due to the lack of sales in a stressed market. Their main production was small CRT's for oscilloscope, radar and large medical use (X-ray displays). New experimental developments were small Electron Microscopy, 3D-TV displays, X-Ray purposes and Cathode Ray Lithography for wafer production. Unfortunately the time gap to develop these new products was too big.


28 of September 2012, Cathode Ray Technology (the Netherlands), the last Cathode Ray Tube factory in Europe closed. Ironically the company never experienced so much publicity as now, all of the media brought the news in Holland about the closure. In fact this means the end of mass production 115 years after Ferdinand Braun his invention. The rapid introduction and acceptation of LCD and Plasma displays was responsible for a drastic decrease in sales. Despite the replacement market for the next couple of years in the industrial, medical and avionics sector.
The numbers are small and the last few CRT producers worldwide are in heavy competition.

Gerard Philips:

Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (October 9, 1858, in Zaltbommel – January 27, 1942, in The Hague, Netherlands) was a Dutch industrialist, co-founder (with his father Frederik Philips) of the Philips Company as a family business in 1891. Gerard and his younger brother Anton Philips changed the business to a corporation by founding in 1912 the NV Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken. As the first CEO of the Philips corporation, Gerard laid with Anton the base for the later Philips multinational.



Early life and education

Gerard was the first son of Benjamin Frederik David Philips (1 December 1830 – 12 June 1900) and Maria Heyligers (1836 – 1921). His father was active in the tobacco business and a banker at Zaltbommel in the Netherlands; he was a first cousin of Karl Marx.



Career

Gerard Philips became interested in electronics and engineering. Frederik was the financier for Gerard's purchase of the old factory building in Eindhoven where he established the first factory in 1891. They operated the Philips Company as a family business for more than a decade.



Marriage and family

On March 19, 1896 Philips married Johanna van der Willigen (30 September 1862 – 1942). They had no children.

Gerard was an uncle of Frits Philips, whom he and his brother brought into the business. Later they brought in his brother's grandson, Franz Otten.


Gerard and his brother Anton supported education and social programs in Eindhoven, including the Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Association), which they founded. From it the professional football (soccer) department developed into the independent Philips Sport Vereniging N.V.



Anton Philips:

Anton Frederik Philips (March 14, 1874, Zaltbommel, Gelderland – October 7, 1951, Eindhoven) co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. He served as CEO of the company from 1922 to 1939.



Early life and education

Anton was born to Maria Heyligers (1836 – 1921) and Benjamin Frederik David Philips (December 1, 1830 – June 12, 1900). His father was active in the tobacco business and a banker at Zaltbommel in the Netherlands. (He was a first cousin to Karl Marx.) Anton's brother Gerard was 16 years older.



Career

In May 1891 the father Frederik was the financier and, with his son Gerard Philips, co-founder of the Philips Company as a family business. In 1912 Anton joined the firm, which they named Royal Philips Electronics N.V.

During World War I, Anton Philips managed to increase sales by taking advantage of a boycott of German goods in several countries. He provided the markets with alternative products.

Anton (and his brother Gerard) are remembered as being civic-minded. In Eindhoven they supported education and social programs and facilities, such as the soccer department of the Philips Sports Association as the best-known example.

Anton Philips brought his son Frits Philips and grandson Franz Otten into the company in their times. Anton took the young Franz Otten with him and other family members to escape the Netherlands just before the Nazi Occupation during World War II; they went to the United States. They returned after the war.

His son Frits Philips chose to stay and manage the company during the occupation; he survived several months at the concentration camp of Vught after his workers went on strike. He saved the lives of 382 Jews by claiming them as indispensable to his factory, and thus helped them evade Nazi roundups and deportation to concentration camps.

Philips died in Eindhoven in 1951.



Marriage and family

Philips married Anne Henriëtte Elisabeth Maria de Jongh (Amersfoort, May 30, 1878 – Eindhoven, March 7, 1970). They had the following children:

* Anna Elisabeth Cornelia Philips (June 19, 1899 – ?), married in 1925 to Pieter Franciscus Sylvester Otten (1895 – 1969), and had:
o Diek Otten
o Franz Otten (b. c. 1928 - d. 1967), manager in the Dutch electronics company Philips
* Frederik Jacques Philips (1905-2005)
* Henriëtte Anna Philips (Eindhoven, October 26, 1906 – ?), married firstly to A. Knappert (d. 1932), without issue; married secondly to G. Jonkheer Sandberg (d. September 5, 1935), without issue; and married thirdly in New York City, New York, on September 29, 1938 to Jonkheer Gerrit van Riemsdijk (Aerdenhout, January 10, 1911 – Eindhoven, November 8, 2005). They had the following children:
o ..., Jonkheerin Gerrit van Riemsdijk (b. Waalre, October 2, 1939), married at Waalre on February 17, 1968 to Johannes Jasper Tuijt (b. Atjeh, Koeta Radja, March 10, 1930), son of Jacobus Tuijt and wife Hedwig Jager, without issue
o ..., Jonkheerin Gerrit van Riemsdijk (b. Waalre, April 3, 1946), married firstly at Calvados, Falaise, on June 6, 1974 to Martinus Jan Petrus Vermooten (Utrecht, September 16, 1939 – Falaise, August 29, 1978), son of Martinus Vermooten and wife Anna Pieternella Hendrika Kwantes, without issue; married secondly in Paris on December 12, 1981 to Jean Yves Louis Bedos (Calvados, Rémy, January 9, 1947 – Calvados, Lisieux, October 5, 1982), son of Georges Charles Bedos and wife Henriette Louise Piel, without issue; and married thirdly at Manche, Sartilly, on September 21, 1985 to Arnaud Evain (b. Ardennes, Sedan, July 7, 1952), son of Jean Claude Evain and wife Flore Halleux, without issue
o ..., Jonkheerin Gerrit van Riemsdijk (b. Waalre, September 4, 1948), married at Waalre, October 28, 1972 to Elie Johan François van Dissel (b. Eindhoven, October 9, 1948), son of Willem Pieter
Jacob van Dissel and wife Francisca Frederike Marie Wirtz, without issue.



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